Sinus tachycardia is frequent after cardiac surgery and this tachycardia is probably due to changes of the autonomic nervous system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes possibly induced by cardiac surgery, by studying sinus variability (SV) during a 24-hour Holter monitoring. The examination was performed in 28 patients who had undergone cardiac surgery 1 to 6 weeks previously. These patients had no alteration of left ventricular function, or any causes likely to modify SV and they had a normal postoperative course. Their results were compared to those of 4 subjects developing a postoperative complication (1 case of ventricular tachycardia and 3 cases of resuscitated cardiac arrest). The results were also compared to those of 24 age-matched adult controls without heart disease (control group). The study of SV included temporal and spectral analysis of SV with measurement of the standard deviation of normal RR intervals (SD), mean heart rate (HR), percentage of RR intervals differing by more than 50 m/sec from the adjacent interval (pNN50), coefficient of variability (CV) (SD/RR), square root of the differences between successive RR (rMSSD), spectral properties of low frequencies (LF) and high frequencies (HF) and the fractionated spectral property (LF/HF). RESULTS: (see tables, page 151 and 152). An alteration of SV was therefore observed in the surgical group, and lasted 4 to 6 months after surgery. No difference was observed between subjects without cardiac events and those presenting a cardiac event. In CONCLUSION: cardiac surgery decreases all parameters of SV during the first few postoperative months. Certain unexpected cardiac accidents during this period could be explained by these changes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annales de cardiologie et d'angéiologie|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine