The focus of the study described herein was to examine the relative expression levels of mRNAs and proteins relevant to the regulation of translational initation, and hence protein synthesis, in the time course after an acute bout of resistance exercise in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Significant increases in the relative abundance of the mRNAs coding for the epsilon (33%) and gamma (26%) subunits of eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2B were observed 48 h after the exercise bout. Furthermore, the mRNA coding for the delta subunit of eIF2B was also significantly increased, both 24 h (46%) and 48 h (44%) postexercise. There was a relative decrease in three eIF2Bε kinase mRNAs, namely sequences coding for glycogen synthase kinase 3β (49%), casein kinase I (48%), and casein kinase II (42%) 48 h into the recovery period. Additionally, there was a significant decrease in expression of the mRNAs coding for eIF2α (28% 24 h postexercise) and one of its regulatory kinases, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (33% 48 h postexercise). Finally, an increase in eIF2B total protein (124%) was observed within 3 h postexercise. These results suggest that there may be rapid translational regulation of mRNAs coding for species relevant to translational initiation after an acute bout of resistance exercise. Furthermore, transcription of these mRNAs is altered further into the recovery period, and this might play a role in protein synthetic capacity on subsequent bouts of resistance exercise.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)