Altered basal and stimulated accumbens dopamine release in obese OLETF rats as a function of age and diabetic status

Elmira Anderzhanova, Mihai Covasa, Andras Hajnal

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Abstract

The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat lacking the CCK-1 receptor is hyperphagic, prefers palatable and high-calorie meals, and gradually develops obesity and type 2 diabetes. To determine dopamine levels in this strain, we used in vivo quantitative (no net flux) microdialysis at three different ages representing nondiabetic (8 wk), prediabetic (18 wk), and diabetic (56 wk) stages in OLETF and age-matched lean Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Results showed significantly elevated basal dopamine levels in the caudomedial nucleus accumbens of OLETF rats compared with LETO at younger ages (8 wk: 20.10 ± 5.61 nM vs. 15.85 ± 5.63 nM; 18 wk: 7.37 ± 3.71 nM vs. 4.75 ± 1.25 nM, means ± SD). In contrast, at 56 wk of age, a profound decline in extracellular dopamine concentrations was seen in both strains with a tendency for a greater effect in OLETF rats (1.78 ± 0.40 nM vs. 2.39 ± 0.42 nM). Further, extracellular fraction, an index for reuptake, was higher in 56-wk-old OLETF compared with LETO (0.648 ± 0.049 vs. 0.526 ± 0.057). Potassium-stimulated dopamine efflux revealed an increased capacity of vesicular pool in OLETF rats compared with LETO across all age groups with an accentuated strain difference at 56 wk. These findings demonstrate altered striatal dopamine functions (i.e., increased stimulated release and uptake) in obese OLETF rat. This could be due to the lack of functional CCK-1 receptors, or metabolic and hormonal factors associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance, or both.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R603-R611
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume293
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

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Inbred OLETF Rats
Dopamine
Cholecystokinin A Receptor
Obesity
Corpus Striatum
Microdialysis
Nucleus Accumbens
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Meals
Insulin Resistance
Potassium
Age Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Altered basal and stimulated accumbens dopamine release in obese OLETF rats as a function of age and diabetic status",
abstract = "The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat lacking the CCK-1 receptor is hyperphagic, prefers palatable and high-calorie meals, and gradually develops obesity and type 2 diabetes. To determine dopamine levels in this strain, we used in vivo quantitative (no net flux) microdialysis at three different ages representing nondiabetic (8 wk), prediabetic (18 wk), and diabetic (56 wk) stages in OLETF and age-matched lean Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Results showed significantly elevated basal dopamine levels in the caudomedial nucleus accumbens of OLETF rats compared with LETO at younger ages (8 wk: 20.10 ± 5.61 nM vs. 15.85 ± 5.63 nM; 18 wk: 7.37 ± 3.71 nM vs. 4.75 ± 1.25 nM, means ± SD). In contrast, at 56 wk of age, a profound decline in extracellular dopamine concentrations was seen in both strains with a tendency for a greater effect in OLETF rats (1.78 ± 0.40 nM vs. 2.39 ± 0.42 nM). Further, extracellular fraction, an index for reuptake, was higher in 56-wk-old OLETF compared with LETO (0.648 ± 0.049 vs. 0.526 ± 0.057). Potassium-stimulated dopamine efflux revealed an increased capacity of vesicular pool in OLETF rats compared with LETO across all age groups with an accentuated strain difference at 56 wk. These findings demonstrate altered striatal dopamine functions (i.e., increased stimulated release and uptake) in obese OLETF rat. This could be due to the lack of functional CCK-1 receptors, or metabolic and hormonal factors associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance, or both.",
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AU - Covasa, Mihai

AU - Hajnal, Andras

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N2 - The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat lacking the CCK-1 receptor is hyperphagic, prefers palatable and high-calorie meals, and gradually develops obesity and type 2 diabetes. To determine dopamine levels in this strain, we used in vivo quantitative (no net flux) microdialysis at three different ages representing nondiabetic (8 wk), prediabetic (18 wk), and diabetic (56 wk) stages in OLETF and age-matched lean Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Results showed significantly elevated basal dopamine levels in the caudomedial nucleus accumbens of OLETF rats compared with LETO at younger ages (8 wk: 20.10 ± 5.61 nM vs. 15.85 ± 5.63 nM; 18 wk: 7.37 ± 3.71 nM vs. 4.75 ± 1.25 nM, means ± SD). In contrast, at 56 wk of age, a profound decline in extracellular dopamine concentrations was seen in both strains with a tendency for a greater effect in OLETF rats (1.78 ± 0.40 nM vs. 2.39 ± 0.42 nM). Further, extracellular fraction, an index for reuptake, was higher in 56-wk-old OLETF compared with LETO (0.648 ± 0.049 vs. 0.526 ± 0.057). Potassium-stimulated dopamine efflux revealed an increased capacity of vesicular pool in OLETF rats compared with LETO across all age groups with an accentuated strain difference at 56 wk. These findings demonstrate altered striatal dopamine functions (i.e., increased stimulated release and uptake) in obese OLETF rat. This could be due to the lack of functional CCK-1 receptors, or metabolic and hormonal factors associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance, or both.

AB - The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat lacking the CCK-1 receptor is hyperphagic, prefers palatable and high-calorie meals, and gradually develops obesity and type 2 diabetes. To determine dopamine levels in this strain, we used in vivo quantitative (no net flux) microdialysis at three different ages representing nondiabetic (8 wk), prediabetic (18 wk), and diabetic (56 wk) stages in OLETF and age-matched lean Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Results showed significantly elevated basal dopamine levels in the caudomedial nucleus accumbens of OLETF rats compared with LETO at younger ages (8 wk: 20.10 ± 5.61 nM vs. 15.85 ± 5.63 nM; 18 wk: 7.37 ± 3.71 nM vs. 4.75 ± 1.25 nM, means ± SD). In contrast, at 56 wk of age, a profound decline in extracellular dopamine concentrations was seen in both strains with a tendency for a greater effect in OLETF rats (1.78 ± 0.40 nM vs. 2.39 ± 0.42 nM). Further, extracellular fraction, an index for reuptake, was higher in 56-wk-old OLETF compared with LETO (0.648 ± 0.049 vs. 0.526 ± 0.057). Potassium-stimulated dopamine efflux revealed an increased capacity of vesicular pool in OLETF rats compared with LETO across all age groups with an accentuated strain difference at 56 wk. These findings demonstrate altered striatal dopamine functions (i.e., increased stimulated release and uptake) in obese OLETF rat. This could be due to the lack of functional CCK-1 receptors, or metabolic and hormonal factors associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance, or both.

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