CCK-1 receptor deficient Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats are hyperphagic, which leads to subsequent obesity and diabetes. Additionally, they have increased sham intake and enhanced preference for sucrose solutions relative to control, Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats. To determine the effects of oil on ingestion, we first measured real feeding of various concentrations of oil emulsions (12.5, 25, 50, 75, and 100%) in rats that were fed ad libitum. Secondly, to isolate the orosensory compontent of oils from post-ingestive consequences, as well as determine the contribution of energy status, we measured sham feeding in OLETF and LETO rats using one-bottle acceptance tests while non-deprived and overnight food deprived. Finally, to assess the orosensory effects of nutritive and non-nutritive oils, we used two-bottle preference tests in sham fed OLETF and LETO rats. We found that real feeding resulted in increased intake of high oil concentrations for OLETF rats relative to LETO rats. Similarly, OLETF rats consumed significantly more of higher concentration corn oils than LETO while non-deprived sham feeding. Conversely, OLETF rats overconsumed low concentration corn oil compared to LETO during overnight deprived sham-feeding tests. In two-bottle sham-feeding preference tests, both non-deprived OLETF and LETO rats preferred corn to mineral oil. Collectively, these results show that increased oil intake in OLETF rats is driven by both peripheral deficits to satiation and altered orosensory sensitivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Behavioral Neuroscience