Altering the thermodynamics of phase separation in inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells

Chang Su Kim, Leonard L. Tinker, Brian F. DiSalle, Enrique D. Gomez, Stephanie Lee, Stefan Bernhard, Yueh Lin Loo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incorporation of fractional amounts of nonvolatile additives in the photoactive layer of P3HT and PCMB was reported. Inverted bulk-hetrerojunction solar cells were fabricated on pattered ITO glass substrates that were cleaned in an ultrasonic bath using acetone, isopropyl alcohol, and de-ionized water. A convenient way of generating an interpenetrating morphology is to deposit a blend consisting of an electron donor and an acceptor from a common solvent. The incorporation of fractional amounts of nonvolatile additives within the photoactive layer can improve inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cell device efficiencies by two-fold. These additives selectively partition into P3HT, effectively enhancing phase separation between the electron donor and acceptor phases. The extent of phase separation was influenced by the hydrophobicity of the additives, with the most hydrophobic ligands increasing χ the most.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3110-3115
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume21
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2009

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Phase separation
Heterojunctions
Thermodynamics
p-Chloromercuribenzoic Acid
ITO glass
2-Propanol
Electrons
Hydrophobicity
Acetone
Solar cells
Alcohols
Deposits
Ultrasonics
Ligands
Organic solar cells
Water
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Kim, Chang Su ; Tinker, Leonard L. ; DiSalle, Brian F. ; Gomez, Enrique D. ; Lee, Stephanie ; Bernhard, Stefan ; Loo, Yueh Lin. / Altering the thermodynamics of phase separation in inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells. In: Advanced Materials. 2009 ; Vol. 21, No. 30. pp. 3110-3115.
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Altering the thermodynamics of phase separation in inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells. / Kim, Chang Su; Tinker, Leonard L.; DiSalle, Brian F.; Gomez, Enrique D.; Lee, Stephanie; Bernhard, Stefan; Loo, Yueh Lin.

In: Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, No. 30, 14.08.2009, p. 3110-3115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The incorporation of fractional amounts of nonvolatile additives in the photoactive layer of P3HT and PCMB was reported. Inverted bulk-hetrerojunction solar cells were fabricated on pattered ITO glass substrates that were cleaned in an ultrasonic bath using acetone, isopropyl alcohol, and de-ionized water. A convenient way of generating an interpenetrating morphology is to deposit a blend consisting of an electron donor and an acceptor from a common solvent. The incorporation of fractional amounts of nonvolatile additives within the photoactive layer can improve inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cell device efficiencies by two-fold. These additives selectively partition into P3HT, effectively enhancing phase separation between the electron donor and acceptor phases. The extent of phase separation was influenced by the hydrophobicity of the additives, with the most hydrophobic ligands increasing χ the most.

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