Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States

Yuki Yano, David Blandford, Surry Surry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The development of first-generation biofuels has strengthened the linkage between agricultural commodity markets and energy markets. This chapter analyzes the implications of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol in the face of year-to-year fluctuations in the domestic supply of feedstock (corn) and petroleum prices. The current U.S. policy mix involves a prohibitive tariff on imported ethanol, a fixed subsidy for blending ethanol with gasoline, and a blending or consumption mandate. We find that as the likelihood that the mandate is binding increases, the variability of ethanol use declines; the impact of corn supply variations on corn prices is increased due to greater inelasticity in demand, but the impact of oil price variations on corn prices is reduced. Tariffs could be reduced to allow ethanol imports, given a modification of the subsidy mechanism, which would reduce the impact of corn supply fluctuations on corn prices. But, if the minimum supply-inducing price for imported ethanol is sensitive to petroleum prices, corn prices could be affected by petroleum price fluctuations even when the U.S. mandate is binding. With freer trade, the impact of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol on the variability of domestic corn prices depends on the relative magnitude of external shocks as well as on ethanol policies in supplying countries. In addition to examining a reduction in the current specific tariff, the implications of using an ad valorem tariff or a variable tariff are assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization
PublisherBentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Pages91-108
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9781608056149
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

domestic policy
biofuel
trade policy
market
supply
fluctuation
subsidy
agricultural commodities market
oil price
first generation
free trade
import
energy
demand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Yano, Y., Blandford, D., & Surry, S. (2011). Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States. In The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization (pp. 91-108). Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805233211101010091
Yano, Yuki ; Blandford, David ; Surry, Surry. / Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States. The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., 2011. pp. 91-108
@inbook{4ba93c74f9dc4543acb1245f78cb60f6,
title = "Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States",
abstract = "The development of first-generation biofuels has strengthened the linkage between agricultural commodity markets and energy markets. This chapter analyzes the implications of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol in the face of year-to-year fluctuations in the domestic supply of feedstock (corn) and petroleum prices. The current U.S. policy mix involves a prohibitive tariff on imported ethanol, a fixed subsidy for blending ethanol with gasoline, and a blending or consumption mandate. We find that as the likelihood that the mandate is binding increases, the variability of ethanol use declines; the impact of corn supply variations on corn prices is increased due to greater inelasticity in demand, but the impact of oil price variations on corn prices is reduced. Tariffs could be reduced to allow ethanol imports, given a modification of the subsidy mechanism, which would reduce the impact of corn supply fluctuations on corn prices. But, if the minimum supply-inducing price for imported ethanol is sensitive to petroleum prices, corn prices could be affected by petroleum price fluctuations even when the U.S. mandate is binding. With freer trade, the impact of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol on the variability of domestic corn prices depends on the relative magnitude of external shocks as well as on ethanol policies in supplying countries. In addition to examining a reduction in the current specific tariff, the implications of using an ad valorem tariff or a variable tariff are assessed.",
author = "Yuki Yano and David Blandford and Surry Surry",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2174/978160805233211101010091",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781608056149",
pages = "91--108",
booktitle = "The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.",

}

Yano, Y, Blandford, D & Surry, S 2011, Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States. in The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., pp. 91-108. https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805233211101010091

Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States. / Yano, Yuki; Blandford, David; Surry, Surry.

The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., 2011. p. 91-108.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States

AU - Yano, Yuki

AU - Blandford, David

AU - Surry, Surry

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - The development of first-generation biofuels has strengthened the linkage between agricultural commodity markets and energy markets. This chapter analyzes the implications of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol in the face of year-to-year fluctuations in the domestic supply of feedstock (corn) and petroleum prices. The current U.S. policy mix involves a prohibitive tariff on imported ethanol, a fixed subsidy for blending ethanol with gasoline, and a blending or consumption mandate. We find that as the likelihood that the mandate is binding increases, the variability of ethanol use declines; the impact of corn supply variations on corn prices is increased due to greater inelasticity in demand, but the impact of oil price variations on corn prices is reduced. Tariffs could be reduced to allow ethanol imports, given a modification of the subsidy mechanism, which would reduce the impact of corn supply fluctuations on corn prices. But, if the minimum supply-inducing price for imported ethanol is sensitive to petroleum prices, corn prices could be affected by petroleum price fluctuations even when the U.S. mandate is binding. With freer trade, the impact of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol on the variability of domestic corn prices depends on the relative magnitude of external shocks as well as on ethanol policies in supplying countries. In addition to examining a reduction in the current specific tariff, the implications of using an ad valorem tariff or a variable tariff are assessed.

AB - The development of first-generation biofuels has strengthened the linkage between agricultural commodity markets and energy markets. This chapter analyzes the implications of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol in the face of year-to-year fluctuations in the domestic supply of feedstock (corn) and petroleum prices. The current U.S. policy mix involves a prohibitive tariff on imported ethanol, a fixed subsidy for blending ethanol with gasoline, and a blending or consumption mandate. We find that as the likelihood that the mandate is binding increases, the variability of ethanol use declines; the impact of corn supply variations on corn prices is increased due to greater inelasticity in demand, but the impact of oil price variations on corn prices is reduced. Tariffs could be reduced to allow ethanol imports, given a modification of the subsidy mechanism, which would reduce the impact of corn supply fluctuations on corn prices. But, if the minimum supply-inducing price for imported ethanol is sensitive to petroleum prices, corn prices could be affected by petroleum price fluctuations even when the U.S. mandate is binding. With freer trade, the impact of U.S. domestic and trade policies for ethanol on the variability of domestic corn prices depends on the relative magnitude of external shocks as well as on ethanol policies in supplying countries. In addition to examining a reduction in the current specific tariff, the implications of using an ad valorem tariff or a variable tariff are assessed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884085756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884085756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2174/978160805233211101010091

DO - 10.2174/978160805233211101010091

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781608056149

SP - 91

EP - 108

BT - The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization

PB - Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

ER -

Yano Y, Blandford D, Surry S. Alternative Domestic and Trade Policies for Biofuels and Market Variability in the United States. In The Economics of Alternative Energy Sources and Globalization. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. 2011. p. 91-108 https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805233211101010091