Amended safety assessment of tall oil acid, sodium tallate, potassium tallate, and ammonium tallate.

Valerie Robinson, Wilma F. Bergfeld, Donald V. Belsito, Curtis D. Klaassen, James G. Marks, Ronald C. Shank, Thomas J. Slaga, Paul W. Snyder, F. Alan Andersen

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Abstract

Tall oil acid is a mixture of oleic and linoleic acids (fatty acids) and rosin acids derived from tall oil, a by-product of pulp from resinous woods, used in cosmetic products as a surfactant at concentrations up to 8%. Ammonium, potassium, and sodium salts also are listed as cosmetic ingredients. In addition to the studies summarized in this report, extensive toxicity, genotoxicity, and carcinogenicity studies in animals are available for oleic, lauric, palmitic, myristic, and stearic fatty acids as published earlier by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR). These data may be extrapolated to tall oil acid and its salts. There are no reports of current uses or use concentration data for ammonium tallate, nor are use concentration data available for the other salts. The CIR Expert Panel found tall oil acid, ammonium tallate, potassium tallate, and sodium tallate to be safe cosmetic ingredients in the given practices of use and concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252S-8S
JournalInternational journal of toxicology
Volume28
Issue number6 Suppl 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Robinson, V., Bergfeld, W. F., Belsito, D. V., Klaassen, C. D., Marks, J. G., Shank, R. C., Slaga, T. J., Snyder, P. W., & Alan Andersen, F. (2009). Amended safety assessment of tall oil acid, sodium tallate, potassium tallate, and ammonium tallate. International journal of toxicology, 28(6 Suppl 2), 252S-8S. https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581809354652