Amiodarone: Clinical Efficacy and Electrophysiology during Long-Term Therapy for Recurrent Ventricular Tachycardia or Ventricular Fibrillation

James J. Heger, Eric N. Prystowsky, Warren M. Jackman, Gerald Naccarelli, Kathleen A. Warfel, Robert L. Rinkenberger, Douglas P. Zipes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

443 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of amiodarone in 45 patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. At a mean follow-up time of 12.7±8.8 months (range, three to 36), amiodarone was successful in nine of 16 patients with recurrent ventricular fibrillation and 21 of 29 with recurrent ventricular tachycardia. During amiodarone therapy, ventricular tachycardia could be induced in 18 of 19 patients in whom it had been induced before therapy, but only six of these 19 had spontaneous recurrence during follow-up. Side effects included corneal microdeposits, hyperthyroidism, blue skin, nausea, and symptomatic bradycardia. Pulmonary fibrosis occurred in three patients. Doses of up to 2000 mg a day did not produce cardiac toxicity, but neurologic side effects precluded long-term therapy at this dose. We conclude that amiodarone is effective for long-term therapy of recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias, that induction of arrhythmia during therapy does not always predict efficacy, and that side effects are frequent but do not usually limit therapy. (N Engl J Med. 1981; 305:539–45.) AMIODARONE, which is currently being investigated in the United States, is a benzofuran derivative with a chemical structure that resembles that of thyroxine. Originally introduced to treat angina pectoris,1 amiodarone was found to have pharmacologic and cardiac electrophysiologic effects suggesting that it might be an effective antiarrhythmic agent.2 3 Clinical experience outside the United States in treating patients with a variety of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 has supported that original suggestion. The purpose of this study was to examine the antiarrhythmic efficacy and electrophysiologic effects of amiodarone during long-term treatment in patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. Methods Patient. . .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-545
Number of pages7
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume305
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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