Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets

Eileen Fabian, Paul H. Patterson, H. Xin, R. S. Gates, C. Gregory, A. Y. Pekel, H. K. Burley, Adrizal Adrizal, P. A. Topper, M. A.A. Adviento-Borbe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Innovation Grant project coordinated by the United Egg Producers (UEP) conducted concurrent demonstrations in Iowa and Pennsylvania (PA) at commercial laying hen facilities. The goal was to document manure nutrient and gas emission improvements through the use of dried distiller's grain with solubles (DDGS) diets and/or other dietary modifications while maintaining or improving hen productivity. Results of the PA trial are presented here. Diets containing 10% corn DDGS with (D+P) or without (D) the probiotic Provalen™ were compared to a corn-soybean based control diet (CON). The isocaloric, amino acid balanced diets were fed to three groups of 39,800 Lohmann hens in one house. Hens were 20-65 wk of age with each diet provided to 2 of 6 rows of stacked cages with manure belts (six decks high). Feed intake, water consumption, hen body weight (BW), egg production (EP,) egg case weight, mortality, feed cost (FC), and egg income (EI) were provided weekly by the cooperating egg company. Replicated monthly data, including egg weight (EW), albumen height (AH), Haugh units (HU), yolk color (YC), shell strength (SS) and shell thickness (ST), were determined from eggs collected from six 4-cage sections of hens on each diet. Replicated monthly samples of hen manure (fresh and from storage) were analyzed for moisture and major nutrients. Ammonia (NH 3 ) gas measurements utilized a non-steady state flux chamber method coupled with photoacoustic infrared gas analyzer. There was no clear trend in the magnitude of NH 3 emissions relative to the diets within the hen house as measured on the manure belt. At 32 and 36 wks of age, NH 3 emissions were significantly (P < 0.10) higher in D while D+P and CON were lower and similar. At 48 and 52 wks, NH 3 emissions from D were similar to D+P and significantly lower than CON. Emission rate from belt manure averaged 0.42 ±0.025 g bird -1 d -1 for all treatments and dates. There was no significant impact of diet on BW, EW, HU, SS, or ST (P = 0.10 to 0.66), however, CON hens had lower EP, AH, and YC compared to D and D+P hens (P≤0.05). Fresh manure total phosphorus (P 2 O 5 ) was higher for CON samples (P < 0.05) while other major agronomic nutrients and moisture were not significantly different among treatments. Stored CON manure samples had increased moisture and NH 4 -N compared to those of D and D+P treatments (P < 0.10). Weekly EI minus FC averaged $6,146, $6,215, and $6,209 for the CON, D, and D+P diets, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
Pages429-436
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: Sep 13 2010Sep 16 2010

Publication series

NameASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
CountryUnited States
CityDallas, TX
Period9/13/109/16/10

Fingerprint

Manure
distillers grains
Manures
egg production
Nutrition
Ammonia
laying hens
Nutrients
Ovum
manure
ammonia
diet
Diet
Food
nutrient
nutrients
hens
egg
animal manures
shell

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Fabian, E., Patterson, P. H., Xin, H., Gates, R. S., Gregory, C., Pekel, A. Y., ... Adviento-Borbe, M. A. A. (2010). Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets. In ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 (pp. 429-436). (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).
Fabian, Eileen ; Patterson, Paul H. ; Xin, H. ; Gates, R. S. ; Gregory, C. ; Pekel, A. Y. ; Burley, H. K. ; Adrizal, Adrizal ; Topper, P. A. ; Adviento-Borbe, M. A.A. / Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets. ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. pp. 429-436 (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).
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abstract = "A USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Innovation Grant project coordinated by the United Egg Producers (UEP) conducted concurrent demonstrations in Iowa and Pennsylvania (PA) at commercial laying hen facilities. The goal was to document manure nutrient and gas emission improvements through the use of dried distiller's grain with solubles (DDGS) diets and/or other dietary modifications while maintaining or improving hen productivity. Results of the PA trial are presented here. Diets containing 10{\%} corn DDGS with (D+P) or without (D) the probiotic Provalen™ were compared to a corn-soybean based control diet (CON). The isocaloric, amino acid balanced diets were fed to three groups of 39,800 Lohmann hens in one house. Hens were 20-65 wk of age with each diet provided to 2 of 6 rows of stacked cages with manure belts (six decks high). Feed intake, water consumption, hen body weight (BW), egg production (EP,) egg case weight, mortality, feed cost (FC), and egg income (EI) were provided weekly by the cooperating egg company. Replicated monthly data, including egg weight (EW), albumen height (AH), Haugh units (HU), yolk color (YC), shell strength (SS) and shell thickness (ST), were determined from eggs collected from six 4-cage sections of hens on each diet. Replicated monthly samples of hen manure (fresh and from storage) were analyzed for moisture and major nutrients. Ammonia (NH 3 ) gas measurements utilized a non-steady state flux chamber method coupled with photoacoustic infrared gas analyzer. There was no clear trend in the magnitude of NH 3 emissions relative to the diets within the hen house as measured on the manure belt. At 32 and 36 wks of age, NH 3 emissions were significantly (P < 0.10) higher in D while D+P and CON were lower and similar. At 48 and 52 wks, NH 3 emissions from D were similar to D+P and significantly lower than CON. Emission rate from belt manure averaged 0.42 ±0.025 g bird -1 d -1 for all treatments and dates. There was no significant impact of diet on BW, EW, HU, SS, or ST (P = 0.10 to 0.66), however, CON hens had lower EP, AH, and YC compared to D and D+P hens (P≤0.05). Fresh manure total phosphorus (P 2 O 5 ) was higher for CON samples (P < 0.05) while other major agronomic nutrients and moisture were not significantly different among treatments. Stored CON manure samples had increased moisture and NH 4 -N compared to those of D and D+P treatments (P < 0.10). Weekly EI minus FC averaged $6,146, $6,215, and $6,209 for the CON, D, and D+P diets, respectively.",
author = "Eileen Fabian and Patterson, {Paul H.} and H. Xin and Gates, {R. S.} and C. Gregory and Pekel, {A. Y.} and Burley, {H. K.} and Adrizal Adrizal and Topper, {P. A.} and Adviento-Borbe, {M. A.A.}",
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Fabian, E, Patterson, PH, Xin, H, Gates, RS, Gregory, C, Pekel, AY, Burley, HK, Adrizal, A, Topper, PA & Adviento-Borbe, MAA 2010, Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets. in ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010, pp. 429-436, International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010, Dallas, TX, United States, 9/13/10.

Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets. / Fabian, Eileen; Patterson, Paul H.; Xin, H.; Gates, R. S.; Gregory, C.; Pekel, A. Y.; Burley, H. K.; Adrizal, Adrizal; Topper, P. A.; Adviento-Borbe, M. A.A.

ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. p. 429-436 (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets

AU - Fabian, Eileen

AU - Patterson, Paul H.

AU - Xin, H.

AU - Gates, R. S.

AU - Gregory, C.

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AU - Burley, H. K.

AU - Adrizal, Adrizal

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AU - Adviento-Borbe, M. A.A.

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N2 - A USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Innovation Grant project coordinated by the United Egg Producers (UEP) conducted concurrent demonstrations in Iowa and Pennsylvania (PA) at commercial laying hen facilities. The goal was to document manure nutrient and gas emission improvements through the use of dried distiller's grain with solubles (DDGS) diets and/or other dietary modifications while maintaining or improving hen productivity. Results of the PA trial are presented here. Diets containing 10% corn DDGS with (D+P) or without (D) the probiotic Provalen™ were compared to a corn-soybean based control diet (CON). The isocaloric, amino acid balanced diets were fed to three groups of 39,800 Lohmann hens in one house. Hens were 20-65 wk of age with each diet provided to 2 of 6 rows of stacked cages with manure belts (six decks high). Feed intake, water consumption, hen body weight (BW), egg production (EP,) egg case weight, mortality, feed cost (FC), and egg income (EI) were provided weekly by the cooperating egg company. Replicated monthly data, including egg weight (EW), albumen height (AH), Haugh units (HU), yolk color (YC), shell strength (SS) and shell thickness (ST), were determined from eggs collected from six 4-cage sections of hens on each diet. Replicated monthly samples of hen manure (fresh and from storage) were analyzed for moisture and major nutrients. Ammonia (NH 3 ) gas measurements utilized a non-steady state flux chamber method coupled with photoacoustic infrared gas analyzer. There was no clear trend in the magnitude of NH 3 emissions relative to the diets within the hen house as measured on the manure belt. At 32 and 36 wks of age, NH 3 emissions were significantly (P < 0.10) higher in D while D+P and CON were lower and similar. At 48 and 52 wks, NH 3 emissions from D were similar to D+P and significantly lower than CON. Emission rate from belt manure averaged 0.42 ±0.025 g bird -1 d -1 for all treatments and dates. There was no significant impact of diet on BW, EW, HU, SS, or ST (P = 0.10 to 0.66), however, CON hens had lower EP, AH, and YC compared to D and D+P hens (P≤0.05). Fresh manure total phosphorus (P 2 O 5 ) was higher for CON samples (P < 0.05) while other major agronomic nutrients and moisture were not significantly different among treatments. Stored CON manure samples had increased moisture and NH 4 -N compared to those of D and D+P treatments (P < 0.10). Weekly EI minus FC averaged $6,146, $6,215, and $6,209 for the CON, D, and D+P diets, respectively.

AB - A USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Innovation Grant project coordinated by the United Egg Producers (UEP) conducted concurrent demonstrations in Iowa and Pennsylvania (PA) at commercial laying hen facilities. The goal was to document manure nutrient and gas emission improvements through the use of dried distiller's grain with solubles (DDGS) diets and/or other dietary modifications while maintaining or improving hen productivity. Results of the PA trial are presented here. Diets containing 10% corn DDGS with (D+P) or without (D) the probiotic Provalen™ were compared to a corn-soybean based control diet (CON). The isocaloric, amino acid balanced diets were fed to three groups of 39,800 Lohmann hens in one house. Hens were 20-65 wk of age with each diet provided to 2 of 6 rows of stacked cages with manure belts (six decks high). Feed intake, water consumption, hen body weight (BW), egg production (EP,) egg case weight, mortality, feed cost (FC), and egg income (EI) were provided weekly by the cooperating egg company. Replicated monthly data, including egg weight (EW), albumen height (AH), Haugh units (HU), yolk color (YC), shell strength (SS) and shell thickness (ST), were determined from eggs collected from six 4-cage sections of hens on each diet. Replicated monthly samples of hen manure (fresh and from storage) were analyzed for moisture and major nutrients. Ammonia (NH 3 ) gas measurements utilized a non-steady state flux chamber method coupled with photoacoustic infrared gas analyzer. There was no clear trend in the magnitude of NH 3 emissions relative to the diets within the hen house as measured on the manure belt. At 32 and 36 wks of age, NH 3 emissions were significantly (P < 0.10) higher in D while D+P and CON were lower and similar. At 48 and 52 wks, NH 3 emissions from D were similar to D+P and significantly lower than CON. Emission rate from belt manure averaged 0.42 ±0.025 g bird -1 d -1 for all treatments and dates. There was no significant impact of diet on BW, EW, HU, SS, or ST (P = 0.10 to 0.66), however, CON hens had lower EP, AH, and YC compared to D and D+P hens (P≤0.05). Fresh manure total phosphorus (P 2 O 5 ) was higher for CON samples (P < 0.05) while other major agronomic nutrients and moisture were not significantly different among treatments. Stored CON manure samples had increased moisture and NH 4 -N compared to those of D and D+P treatments (P < 0.10). Weekly EI minus FC averaged $6,146, $6,215, and $6,209 for the CON, D, and D+P diets, respectively.

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Fabian E, Patterson PH, Xin H, Gates RS, Gregory C, Pekel AY et al. Ammonia emission, manure nutrients and egg production of laying hens fed distiller dried grain diets. In ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. p. 429-436. (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).