Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter

Eileen Fabian, K. D. Casey, R. S. Gates, H. Xin, P. A. Topper, Y. Liang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poultry producers in the United States have attempted to maintain barn aerial ammonia (NH 3) levels below 25 ppm to improve air quality, and more recently to decrease aerial emissions to the atmosphere. Our objective was to investigate the influence of litter management strategies on NH 3 emissions from commercial broiler barns employing new bedding, acid-treated built-up litter (sodium bisulphate), or untreated built-up litter (normal practzce). Nearly 400 barn-days of NH 3 emissions data were collectedfroin 12 broiler barns onfourfarms monitored in 48-hour episodes over one year. On each study farm, the barns were paired for repetition of conditions. Emission was calculated as the product of gas concentration of the exhaust air and barn ventilation rate. Use of new beddzng for every flock led to consistently lower NH 3 emission (averaging 0.35 g NH 3/(bird d)) at day 21 of the 42-day flock grow-outs, followed by flocks raised on the annual cleanout with new bedding (0.52 g NH 3/(bird d)). Built-up litter without any treatment had the highest emission (0.73 g NH 3/ (bird d)), followed by the built-up litter with acid treatment (0.63 g NH 3/(bird d)). One study site was managed with two barns using litter treatment and two identical barns with untreated, built-up litter for a side-by-side comparison of results under field conditions. Ammonia emissions from treated built-up litter barns were similar to those from untreated built- up litter barns, however, the temporal pattern of emissions provided evidence that ammonia held in the acid-treated litter at the beginning of the flock was released durzng the latter period of the flock cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLivestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium
Pages25-32
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event8th International Livestock Environment Symposium, ILES VIII - Iguassu Falls, Brazil
Duration: Aug 31 2008Sep 4 2008

Publication series

NameLivestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium

Other

Other8th International Livestock Environment Symposium, ILES VIII
CountryBrazil
CityIguassu Falls
Period8/31/089/4/08

Fingerprint

barns
Ammonia
Birds
Chickens
ammonia
broiler chickens
Acids
acids
flocks
Air
Poultry
Atmosphere
birds
Ventilation
Gases
air quality
acid treatment
poultry
sodium
gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Fabian, E., Casey, K. D., Gates, R. S., Xin, H., Topper, P. A., & Liang, Y. (2008). Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter. In Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium (pp. 25-32). (Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium).
Fabian, Eileen ; Casey, K. D. ; Gates, R. S. ; Xin, H. ; Topper, P. A. ; Liang, Y. / Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter. Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium. 2008. pp. 25-32 (Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium).
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abstract = "Poultry producers in the United States have attempted to maintain barn aerial ammonia (NH 3) levels below 25 ppm to improve air quality, and more recently to decrease aerial emissions to the atmosphere. Our objective was to investigate the influence of litter management strategies on NH 3 emissions from commercial broiler barns employing new bedding, acid-treated built-up litter (sodium bisulphate), or untreated built-up litter (normal practzce). Nearly 400 barn-days of NH 3 emissions data were collectedfroin 12 broiler barns onfourfarms monitored in 48-hour episodes over one year. On each study farm, the barns were paired for repetition of conditions. Emission was calculated as the product of gas concentration of the exhaust air and barn ventilation rate. Use of new beddzng for every flock led to consistently lower NH 3 emission (averaging 0.35 g NH 3/(bird d)) at day 21 of the 42-day flock grow-outs, followed by flocks raised on the annual cleanout with new bedding (0.52 g NH 3/(bird d)). Built-up litter without any treatment had the highest emission (0.73 g NH 3/ (bird d)), followed by the built-up litter with acid treatment (0.63 g NH 3/(bird d)). One study site was managed with two barns using litter treatment and two identical barns with untreated, built-up litter for a side-by-side comparison of results under field conditions. Ammonia emissions from treated built-up litter barns were similar to those from untreated built- up litter barns, however, the temporal pattern of emissions provided evidence that ammonia held in the acid-treated litter at the beginning of the flock was released durzng the latter period of the flock cycle.",
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Fabian, E, Casey, KD, Gates, RS, Xin, H, Topper, PA & Liang, Y 2008, Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter. in Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium. Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium, pp. 25-32, 8th International Livestock Environment Symposium, ILES VIII, Iguassu Falls, Brazil, 8/31/08.

Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter. / Fabian, Eileen; Casey, K. D.; Gates, R. S.; Xin, H.; Topper, P. A.; Liang, Y.

Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium. 2008. p. 25-32 (Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Poultry producers in the United States have attempted to maintain barn aerial ammonia (NH 3) levels below 25 ppm to improve air quality, and more recently to decrease aerial emissions to the atmosphere. Our objective was to investigate the influence of litter management strategies on NH 3 emissions from commercial broiler barns employing new bedding, acid-treated built-up litter (sodium bisulphate), or untreated built-up litter (normal practzce). Nearly 400 barn-days of NH 3 emissions data were collectedfroin 12 broiler barns onfourfarms monitored in 48-hour episodes over one year. On each study farm, the barns were paired for repetition of conditions. Emission was calculated as the product of gas concentration of the exhaust air and barn ventilation rate. Use of new beddzng for every flock led to consistently lower NH 3 emission (averaging 0.35 g NH 3/(bird d)) at day 21 of the 42-day flock grow-outs, followed by flocks raised on the annual cleanout with new bedding (0.52 g NH 3/(bird d)). Built-up litter without any treatment had the highest emission (0.73 g NH 3/ (bird d)), followed by the built-up litter with acid treatment (0.63 g NH 3/(bird d)). One study site was managed with two barns using litter treatment and two identical barns with untreated, built-up litter for a side-by-side comparison of results under field conditions. Ammonia emissions from treated built-up litter barns were similar to those from untreated built- up litter barns, however, the temporal pattern of emissions provided evidence that ammonia held in the acid-treated litter at the beginning of the flock was released durzng the latter period of the flock cycle.

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Fabian E, Casey KD, Gates RS, Xin H, Topper PA, Liang Y. Ammonia emissions from usa broiler chicken barns managed with new bedding, built-up litter, or acid-treated litter. In Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium. 2008. p. 25-32. (Livestock Environment VIII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium).