In order to investigate and optimize the electronic transport processes in carbon nanotubes doped with organic molecules, we have performed large-scale quantum electronic structure calculations coupled with a Green's function formulation for determining the quantum conductance. Our approach is based on an original scheme where quantum chemistry calculations on finite systems are recast to infinite, nonperiodic (i.e., open) systems, therefore mimicking actual working devices. Results from these calculations clearly suggest that the electronic structure of a carbon nanotube can be easily manipulated by encapsulating appropriate organic molecules. Charge transfer processes induced by encapsulated organic molecules lead to efficient n - and p -type doping of the carbon nanotube. Even though a molecule can induce p and n doping, it is shown to have a minor effect on the transport properties of the nanotube as compared to a pristine tube. This type of doping therefore preserves the intrinsic properties of the pristine tube as a ballistic conductor. In addition, the efficient process of charge transfer between the organic molecules and the nanotube is shown to substantially reduce the susceptibility of the π electrons of the nanotube to modification by oxygen while maintaining stable doping (i.e., no dedoping) at room temperature.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry