We have studied the mechanism of cellular resistance to cardiac glycosides in C+ cells. C+ cells were resistant to ouabain and overproduced plasma membrane-bound Na,K-ATPase relative to parental HeLa cells. Overexpression of Na,K-ATPase in C+ cells correlated with increased ATPase mRNA levels and amplification (approximately 100 times) of the ATPase gene. Growth of C+ cells in ouabain-free medium resulted in a marked decline in ATPase mRNA and DNA levels. However, when cells were reexposed to ouabain, they proliferated and ATPase mRNA and DNA sequences were reamplified. Restriction analysis of C+ and other human DNA samples revealed the occurrence of rearrangements in the region of the Na,K-ATPase gene in C+ cells. Furthermore, C+ cells expressed an ATPase mRNA species not found in HeLa cells. These results suggest that amplification of the gene coding for Na,K-ATPase results in overproduction of Na,K-ATPase polypeptides. Amplification of the ATPase gene or the expression of new ATPase mRNA sequences or both may also be responsible for acquisition of the ouabain-resistant phenotype.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology