A weighted-residual based a posteriori error estimation formulation in Galerkin’s finite element fashion using quadratic Lagrange polynomials has been formulated to find numerical solutions of obstacle, unilateral and contact second-order boundary-value problems. The approach having piecewise quadratic shape functions has been utilized for checking the approximate solutions for spatially adaptive finite element grids. The local element balance based on the residual has been considered as an error assessment criterion. Numerical testing indicates that local errors are large at the interface regions where the gradients are large. A comparison of an adaptive refined grid with that of a uniform mesh for second order obstacle boundary value problems, confirms the superiority of the adaptive scheme without increasing the number of unknown coefficients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Numerical Analysis
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics