The ULV decomposition (ULVD) is an important member of a class of rank-revealing two-sided orthogonal decompositions used to approximate the singular value decomposition (SVD). It is useful in applications of the SVD such as principal components where we are interested in approximating a matrix by one of lower rank. It can be updated and downdated much more quickly than an SVD. In many instances, the ULVD must be refined to improve the approximation it gives for the important right singular subspaces or to improve the matrix approximation. Present algorithms to perform this refinement require O(mn) operations if the rank of the matrix is k, where k is very close to 0 or n, but these algorithms require O(mn 2) operations otherwise. Presented here is an alternative refinement algorithm that requires O(mn) operations no matter what the rank is. Our tests show that this new refinement algorithm produces similar improvement in matrix approximation and in the subspaces. We also propose slight improvements on the error bounds on subspaces and singular values computed by the ULVD.
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