Antibody probes of Western blots [Renart, J., Reiser, J., & Stark, G. (1979) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76, 3116] of chicken liver homogenates under various conditions revealed that glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase can be rapidly proteolyzed in such homogenates. These findings, along with molecular weight measurements by ul-tracentrifugation, identify the true form of glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase as a monomeric protein of 117 000 daltons. This protein has been purified 400-fold in 44% yield from chicken liver in one step on an affinity column of 10-formyl-5,8-dideazafolate-Sepharose. Native glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase retains full activity after proteolytic cleavage to a form (Mr 55 000) similar to fragments seen in the Western blot of the homogenates. This phenomenon may be responsible for the previous identification of glycinamide ribonucleotide (GAR) transformylase as a dimer of 55 000-dalton subunits. Similar analyses using antibodies to 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) transformylase [Mueller, W. T., & Benkovic, S. J. (1981) Biochemistry 20, 337] and trifunctional enzyme [Smith, G. K., Mueller, W. T., Wasserman, G. F., Taylor, W. D., & Benkovic, S. J. (1980) Biochemistry 19, 4313] confirm that these two proteins were isolated in their native forms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes