An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts

Amirthagunaraj Yogarathinam, Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper, a systematic approach is proposed for wide-area oscillation damping control, which can handle data-packet dropout in the communication channels of a smart power grid with large-scale deployment of distributed and networked Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) and wind energy resources. To that end, a reduced order dynamic equivalent model of the New England-New York power system with replacement of two existing synchronous generators (SGs) by two doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farms (WFs) is considered. One of these SGs was equipped with a power system stabilizer (PSS). The issues with electromechanical oscillation damping control through WFs using locally available signals is identified and a methodical way for appropriate selection of control input and remote feedback signals through modal analysis is presented. The remote feedback signals transmitted through communication channels encounter data dropout which is characterized by the Gilbert-Elliott model. Deterioration in the performance of the oscillation damping control is demonstrated when data-packet dropout takes place in the remote feedback signals from PMUs. An Observer-driven Reduced Copy (ORC) approach is proposed to improve the damping performance under data-packet drop scenarios where conventional feedback would suffer. Nonlinear time-domain simulations following large large disturbances (e.g., faults, line outages, etc.) demonstrate that the ORC gives significantly better performance compared to conventional feedback under higher data drop situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509051670
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 2016
Event2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016 - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Sep 6 2016Sep 9 2016

Publication series

Name2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016

Other

Other2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period9/6/169/9/16

Fingerprint

Asynchronous generators
Drop out
Farms
Proof by induction
Damping
Generator
Feedback
Communication
Phasor measurement units
Synchronous generators
Communication Channels
Oscillation
Observer
Smart power grids
Power System Stabilizer
Wind Energy
Unit
Modal Analysis
Energy resources
Modal analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Control and Optimization

Cite this

Yogarathinam, A., & Chaudhuri, N. R. (2016). An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts. In 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016 [7781207] (2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT.2016.7781207
Yogarathinam, Amirthagunaraj ; Chaudhuri, Nilanjan Ray. / An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts. 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. (2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016).
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abstract = "In this paper, a systematic approach is proposed for wide-area oscillation damping control, which can handle data-packet dropout in the communication channels of a smart power grid with large-scale deployment of distributed and networked Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) and wind energy resources. To that end, a reduced order dynamic equivalent model of the New England-New York power system with replacement of two existing synchronous generators (SGs) by two doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farms (WFs) is considered. One of these SGs was equipped with a power system stabilizer (PSS). The issues with electromechanical oscillation damping control through WFs using locally available signals is identified and a methodical way for appropriate selection of control input and remote feedback signals through modal analysis is presented. The remote feedback signals transmitted through communication channels encounter data dropout which is characterized by the Gilbert-Elliott model. Deterioration in the performance of the oscillation damping control is demonstrated when data-packet dropout takes place in the remote feedback signals from PMUs. An Observer-driven Reduced Copy (ORC) approach is proposed to improve the damping performance under data-packet drop scenarios where conventional feedback would suffer. Nonlinear time-domain simulations following large large disturbances (e.g., faults, line outages, etc.) demonstrate that the ORC gives significantly better performance compared to conventional feedback under higher data drop situations.",
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Yogarathinam, A & Chaudhuri, NR 2016, An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts. in 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016., 7781207, 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016, Minneapolis, United States, 9/6/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT.2016.7781207

An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts. / Yogarathinam, Amirthagunaraj; Chaudhuri, Nilanjan Ray.

2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. 7781207 (2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

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Yogarathinam A, Chaudhuri NR. An approach for wide-area damping control using multiple DFIG-based wind farm to deal with communication dropouts. In 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2016. 7781207. (2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2016). https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT.2016.7781207