An artificially intelligent system for the automated issuance of tornado warnings in simulated convective storms

Dylan Steinkruger, Paul Markowski, George Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The utility of employing artificial intelligence (AI) to issue tornado warnings is explored using an ensemble of 128 idealized simulations. Over 700 tornadoes develop within the ensemble of simulations, varying in duration, length, and associated storm mode. Machine-learning models are trained to forecast the temporal and spatial probabilities of tornado formation for a specific lead time. The machinelearning probabilities are used to produce tornado warning decisions for each grid point and lead time. An optimization function is defined, such that warning thresholds are modified to optimize the performance of the AI system on a specified metric (e.g., increased lead time, minimized false alarms, etc.). Using genetic algorithms, multiple AI systems are developed with different optimization functions. The different AI systems yield unique warning output depending on the desired attributes of the optimization function. The effects of the different optimization functions on warning performance are explored. Overall, performance is encouraging and suggests that automated tornado warning guidance is worth exploring with real-time data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1939-1965
Number of pages27
JournalWeather and Forecasting
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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