Gene expression models greatly accelerate the engineering of synthetic metabolic pathways and genetic circuits by predicting sequence-function relationships and reducing trial- and-error experimentation. However, developing models with more accurate predictions remains a significant challenge. Here we present a model test system that combines advanced statistics, machine learning, and a database of 9862 characterized genetic systems to automatically quantify model accuracies, accept or reject mechanistic hypotheses, and identify areas for model improvement. We also introduce model capacity, a new information theoretic metric for correct cross-data-set comparisons. We demonstrate the model test system by comparing six models of translation initiation rate, evaluating 100 mechanistic hypotheses, and uncovering new sequence determinants that control protein expression levels. We then applied these results to develop a biophysical model of translation initiation rate with significant improvements in accuracy. Automated model test systems will dramatically accelerate the development of gene expression models, and thereby transition synthetic biology into a mature engineering discipline.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)