An easily built diffuse illumination system effective at both very low and moderate magnifications, for observing in situ stained slides

Michael Wick Frohlich, E. Moyroud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Effective study of in situ stained sections often requires illumination that is difficult to achieve with commonly used research microscopes. One must be able to switch quickly and conveniently from the very lowest to moderate magnifications. At all magnifications contrast due to light scatter must be minimized, so that the weak staining that signifies low gene expression can be observed reliably. For the lowest power objectives (e.g., 1.25× or 2×) many microscopes require that the condenser be removed to illuminate the full field of view. This is not only very inconvenient when switching magnifications, but without a condenser the low numerical aperture of the illuminating light beam results in unwanted contrast due to light scatter. We have devised a simple system that diffusely illuminates the full field of view of the lowest power objective (1.25×) and has high enough numerical aperture for use with the 25× and 40× objectives. A key feature is the use of a large diameter ring light (internal diameter 5.8 cm), placed on the microscope base, to illuminate a large diameter diffuser placed just below the slide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-162
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Volume230
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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