An ergonomic study of body motions during Muslim prayer using digital human modelling

Faisal Aqlan, Abdulaziz Ahmed, Wen Cao, Mohammad T. Khasawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


This research presents an ergonomic study of body motions during Muslim prayer (i.e., Salat) using digital human modelling. A factorial analysis is conducted considering four main factors: population, gender, percentile, and prayer posture. For healthy individuals, the results showed that all the main factors are significant, but no interaction effects were found to be significant. It was also found that there is an inverse relationship between the time spent on each prayer posture and the back compression force affecting the person during that posture. In addition, modifications to the bowing posture were studies for individuals with low back pain considering three main factors: back angle, knee angle, and pain level. It was found that all the main factors and one interaction effect (back angle × knee angle) are significant. This can help identify the back and knee angles that minimise the compression force for individuals with low back pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-296
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this