An examination of the HIV serostatus disclosure process among Haitian immigrants in New York City

Donaldson Fadael Conserve, Gary King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about the HIV serostatus disclosure experience of Haitian immigrants in the USA. We employed the disclosure processes model to examine the disclosure experience of 21 HIV-positive Haitian immigrants in New York City. Data were collected through in-depth interviews conducted between May 2012 and January 2013 with participants from four community-based organizations providing HIV/AIDS services. Analysis of the interviews yielded several enablers relevant to reasons for disclosure including participants being in a close relationship with someone they trusted or felt comfortable with, and the need for support and understanding about the illness. Some of the barriers to HIV serostatus disclosure were fear of being stigmatized, rejected. For participants who had disclosed to significant others in the USA and in Haiti, they reported that they experienced both positive and negative outcomes including social support, emotional relief, encouragement to take their medication, and on some occasions mistreatments, isolation, and stigma. The strategies participants employed during the disclosure event also revealed the additional challenges immigrants face when deciding to disclose their HIV serostatus to family members living in their country of origin. These findings suggest the need to develop culturally appropriate interventions to address the disclosure needs of ethnic minorities residing in the USA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1270-1274
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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