An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail

Gerard Kyle, Alan Graefe, Robert Manning, James Bacon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

213 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The place attachment construct has been used by leisure researchers and practitioners to refine our understanding of certain leisure behaviors for over two decades. Despite the construct's importance to natural resource-based leisure, little empirical work has appeared in the leisure literature examining the construct's antecedent processes; that is, the processes that lead to recreationists' attachment to settings. This study examined one antecedent, activity involvement, using covariance structure analysis. The authors examined a model suggesting that place attachment (i.e., place identity and place dependence) would be predicted by activity involvement (i.e., attraction, centrality, and self expression) among four groups of hikers along the Appalachian Trail (i.e., day hikers, overnight hikers, section hikers and through hikers). Using LISREL's multigroup procedure, results indicated that the place identity dimension of place attachment was best predicted by the self expression and attraction dimensions of activity involvement, whereas the only predictor of place dependence was self expression. These relations were consistent for all hikers. Type of use (i.e., day hiker, overnight hiker, section hiker and through hiker), however, was shown only to moderate the correlation between activity involvement dimensions, attraction and self-expression, and place attachment's place identity and place dependence. As hikers' activity involvement and attachment grew, the correlations between these constructs declined. This result indicates that these scales' discriminant validity improves as respondents more readily identify with the attitude object used in the item wording.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-273
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Volume35
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

Fingerprint

examination
natural resource
natural resources
leisure activity
Place attachment
Leisure activities
Leisure
Attraction
Place identity
Group
analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

@article{808c5406d6e44103b6b17632f2c1ba2c,
title = "An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail",
abstract = "The place attachment construct has been used by leisure researchers and practitioners to refine our understanding of certain leisure behaviors for over two decades. Despite the construct's importance to natural resource-based leisure, little empirical work has appeared in the leisure literature examining the construct's antecedent processes; that is, the processes that lead to recreationists' attachment to settings. This study examined one antecedent, activity involvement, using covariance structure analysis. The authors examined a model suggesting that place attachment (i.e., place identity and place dependence) would be predicted by activity involvement (i.e., attraction, centrality, and self expression) among four groups of hikers along the Appalachian Trail (i.e., day hikers, overnight hikers, section hikers and through hikers). Using LISREL's multigroup procedure, results indicated that the place identity dimension of place attachment was best predicted by the self expression and attraction dimensions of activity involvement, whereas the only predictor of place dependence was self expression. These relations were consistent for all hikers. Type of use (i.e., day hiker, overnight hiker, section hiker and through hiker), however, was shown only to moderate the correlation between activity involvement dimensions, attraction and self-expression, and place attachment's place identity and place dependence. As hikers' activity involvement and attachment grew, the correlations between these constructs declined. This result indicates that these scales' discriminant validity improves as respondents more readily identify with the attitude object used in the item wording.",
author = "Gerard Kyle and Alan Graefe and Robert Manning and James Bacon",
year = "2003",
month = "9",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "249--273",
journal = "Journal of Leisure Research",
issn = "0022-2216",
publisher = "National Recreation and Park Association",
number = "3",

}

An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail. / Kyle, Gerard; Graefe, Alan; Manning, Robert; Bacon, James.

In: Journal of Leisure Research, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.09.2003, p. 249-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail

AU - Kyle, Gerard

AU - Graefe, Alan

AU - Manning, Robert

AU - Bacon, James

PY - 2003/9/1

Y1 - 2003/9/1

N2 - The place attachment construct has been used by leisure researchers and practitioners to refine our understanding of certain leisure behaviors for over two decades. Despite the construct's importance to natural resource-based leisure, little empirical work has appeared in the leisure literature examining the construct's antecedent processes; that is, the processes that lead to recreationists' attachment to settings. This study examined one antecedent, activity involvement, using covariance structure analysis. The authors examined a model suggesting that place attachment (i.e., place identity and place dependence) would be predicted by activity involvement (i.e., attraction, centrality, and self expression) among four groups of hikers along the Appalachian Trail (i.e., day hikers, overnight hikers, section hikers and through hikers). Using LISREL's multigroup procedure, results indicated that the place identity dimension of place attachment was best predicted by the self expression and attraction dimensions of activity involvement, whereas the only predictor of place dependence was self expression. These relations were consistent for all hikers. Type of use (i.e., day hiker, overnight hiker, section hiker and through hiker), however, was shown only to moderate the correlation between activity involvement dimensions, attraction and self-expression, and place attachment's place identity and place dependence. As hikers' activity involvement and attachment grew, the correlations between these constructs declined. This result indicates that these scales' discriminant validity improves as respondents more readily identify with the attitude object used in the item wording.

AB - The place attachment construct has been used by leisure researchers and practitioners to refine our understanding of certain leisure behaviors for over two decades. Despite the construct's importance to natural resource-based leisure, little empirical work has appeared in the leisure literature examining the construct's antecedent processes; that is, the processes that lead to recreationists' attachment to settings. This study examined one antecedent, activity involvement, using covariance structure analysis. The authors examined a model suggesting that place attachment (i.e., place identity and place dependence) would be predicted by activity involvement (i.e., attraction, centrality, and self expression) among four groups of hikers along the Appalachian Trail (i.e., day hikers, overnight hikers, section hikers and through hikers). Using LISREL's multigroup procedure, results indicated that the place identity dimension of place attachment was best predicted by the self expression and attraction dimensions of activity involvement, whereas the only predictor of place dependence was self expression. These relations were consistent for all hikers. Type of use (i.e., day hiker, overnight hiker, section hiker and through hiker), however, was shown only to moderate the correlation between activity involvement dimensions, attraction and self-expression, and place attachment's place identity and place dependence. As hikers' activity involvement and attachment grew, the correlations between these constructs declined. This result indicates that these scales' discriminant validity improves as respondents more readily identify with the attitude object used in the item wording.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0242458261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0242458261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0242458261

VL - 35

SP - 249

EP - 273

JO - Journal of Leisure Research

JF - Journal of Leisure Research

SN - 0022-2216

IS - 3

ER -