An examination of the relationships between personality, attitudes, and cognitions relevant to alcohol-impaired driving tendencies

Rob Turrisi, James Jaccard, Diane McDonnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research has explored the domain of legal and educational prevention in regard to the phenomena of accidents and injuries caused by drinking and driving. Most investigations of psychological factors attempt to distinguish characteristics of drunk drivers relative to the general driving population or controls matched on driving risk variables. In contrast, the present research concentrated on the examination of the process by which empirically derived personality and general attitudinal constructs operate within a cognitive framework to influence the decision to drive. Four conceptual models were proposed that suggested the presence of direct, indirect, and moderated effects of personality and general attitudinal constructs on cognitions relevant to drunk-driving tendencies. Support was observed for a model suggesting the presence of indirect, direct, and moderating effects for the general attitudinal construct driving aggression, and support for an indirect effects model for the personality variable emotional control. The implications of these findings are discussed in the context of utilizing personality and general attitudinal constructs to improve short term cognitive-based interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1367-1394
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume27
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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