An extension of iterative scaling for joint decision-level and feature-level fusion in ensemble classification

David Jonathan Miller, Siddharth Pal

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    5 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Improved iterative scaling (IIS) is a simple, powerful algorithm for learning maximum entropy (ME) conditional probability models that has found great utility in natural language processing and related applications. In nearly all prior work on IIS, one considers discrete-valued feature functions, depending on the data observations and class label, and encodes statistical constraints on these discrete-valued random variables. Moreover, most significantly for our purposes, the (ground-truth) constraints are measured from frequency counts, based on hard (0-1) training set instances of feature values. Here, we extend US for the case where the training (and test) set consists of instances of probability mass functions on the features, rather than instances of hard feature values. We show that the US methodology extends in a natural way for this case. This extension has applications 1) to ME aggregation of soft classifier outputs in ensemble classification and 2) to ME classification on mixed discrete-continuous feature spaces. Moreover, we combine these methods, yielding an ME method that jointly performs (soft) decision-level fusion and feature-level fusion in making ensemble decisions. We demonstrate favorable comparisons against both standard boosting and bagging on UC Irvine benchmark data sets. We also discuss some of our continuing research directions.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publication2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing
    Pages61-66
    Number of pages6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
    Event2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing - Mystic, CT, United States
    Duration: Sep 28 2005Sep 30 2005

    Publication series

    Name2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing

    Other

    Other2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing
    CountryUnited States
    CityMystic, CT
    Period9/28/059/30/05

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Miller, D. J., & Pal, S. (2005). An extension of iterative scaling for joint decision-level and feature-level fusion in ensemble classification. In 2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing (pp. 61-66). [1532875] (2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing). https://doi.org/10.1109/MLSP.2005.1532875