Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease of domestic pigs. Classical swine fever is routinely diagnosed by clinical signs, serology, detection of CSF virus (CSFV) nucleic acid by PCR and virus isolation. Most of the current CSF diagnostic methods are expensive and have an extended turnaround time. In the majority of the CSF endemic countries, lack of easy access to diagnostic facilities is a major problem for swine producers trying to obtain early diagnosis and often results in the entire herd being infected. The acute form of CSF can show non-specific signs of illness, leaving CSF often undiagnosed. Hence there is an urgent need for a rapid and reliable pen side diagnostic assay for the better detection and control of this economically important disease of swine. We developed an immuno-chromatographic lateral flow assay (LFA) for on the farm detection of CSFV. A CSFV isolate [CSFV/AP/TRP2/2009 (TS2)] of genotype 1.1 was used for the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for the LFA’s development. The virus detection level of the LFA device was 36.8 TCID50/ml of CSFV. The sensitivity and specificity of LFA in comparison with PCR were 80.36% and 87.10%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values of the LFA device were 91.84% and 87.10%, respectively. In conclusion, the CSFV-LFA is a reliable and convenient resource for preliminary on the farm detection of classic swine fever.
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