This paper considers a passive damping method that can be applied to a wide range of structural geometries including machine tool bases and components. The method uses viscoelastic materials to dissipate energy in the manner of classic constrained-layer damping; however, the layers are embedded within the structure as opposed to being applied externally. This provides a robust means of incorporating damping without encountering several of the common disadvantages associated with external damping treatments. An analytical solution to the amount of damping in bending modes is presented using a modal strain energy approach. The utility of this passive damping technique is demonstrated experimentally, and examples showing the accuracy of the modal strain energy solution are presented.
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