Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) is an efficient molecular technique for generating a large number of DNA-based genetic markers in Populus. We have constructed an integrated genetic map for a Populus backcross population derived from two selected P. deltoides clones using AFLP markers. A traditional strategy for genetic mapping in outcrossing species, such as forest trees, is based on two-way pseudotestcross configurations of the markers (testcross markers) heterozygous in one parent and null in the other. By using the markers segregating in both parents (intercross markers) as bridges, the two parent-specific genetic maps can be aligned. In this study, we detected a number of non-parental heteroduplex markers resulting from the PCR amplification of two DNA segments that have a high degree of homology to one another but differ in their nucleotide sequences. These heteroduplex markers detected have served as bridges to generate an integrated map which includes 19 major linkage groups equal to the Populus haploid chromosome number and 24 minor groups. The 19 major linkage groups cover a total of 2,927 cM, with an average spacing between two markers of 23.3 cM. The map developed in this study provides a first step in producing a highly saturated linkage map of the Populus deltoides genome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science