An integrative literature review of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type II diabetes mellitus

Suzanne G. Madden, Susan J. Loeb, Carol A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives. An integrative literature review was undertaken to determine what type II diabetes prevention programmes have been evaluated, what type of programme is the most effective and how adherent to lifestyle changes adults are after participating in a prevention programme. Background. Type II diabetes is important because the disease is affecting millions of people worldwide. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles are preventable risk factors for type II diabetes, leading many researchers from around the world to examine different programmes that are focussed on prevention of the disease. Design. Integrative literature review. Method. Search of electronic databases. Results. Diet, exercise, counselling and diet plus exercise were the types of prevention programmes, with the diet plus exercise being the most efficacious. Although many studies demonstrated excellent results initially, maintaining the effects of the lifestyle behaviour change proved to be difficult for participants, with only one study demonstrating the persistence of results after six years. Conclusion. Future research should focus on long-term maintenance programmes, rather than just short-term prevention programmes to determine the need for booster interventions or other means to ultimately decrease the incidence of type II diabetes. Relevance to clinical practice. As front-line healthcare providers working across a broad array of settings, nurses are particularly well-suited to play an integral part in future applications of diabetes prevention programmes. Lifestyle interventions are being delivered in a variety of settings and venues such as the workplace, the Internet and places of worship. In addition, at-risk populations also can be targeted, particularly overweight and obese persons, with at least one parent having type II diabetes or persons with gestational diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2243-2256
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume17
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Life Style
Exercise
Diet
Sedentary Lifestyle
Gestational Diabetes
Workplace
Health Personnel
Internet
Counseling
Obesity
Nurses
Research Personnel
Databases
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

@article{6b4790a427ac4430a0ed2ffec97cd2b5,
title = "An integrative literature review of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type II diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "Aims and objectives. An integrative literature review was undertaken to determine what type II diabetes prevention programmes have been evaluated, what type of programme is the most effective and how adherent to lifestyle changes adults are after participating in a prevention programme. Background. Type II diabetes is important because the disease is affecting millions of people worldwide. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles are preventable risk factors for type II diabetes, leading many researchers from around the world to examine different programmes that are focussed on prevention of the disease. Design. Integrative literature review. Method. Search of electronic databases. Results. Diet, exercise, counselling and diet plus exercise were the types of prevention programmes, with the diet plus exercise being the most efficacious. Although many studies demonstrated excellent results initially, maintaining the effects of the lifestyle behaviour change proved to be difficult for participants, with only one study demonstrating the persistence of results after six years. Conclusion. Future research should focus on long-term maintenance programmes, rather than just short-term prevention programmes to determine the need for booster interventions or other means to ultimately decrease the incidence of type II diabetes. Relevance to clinical practice. As front-line healthcare providers working across a broad array of settings, nurses are particularly well-suited to play an integral part in future applications of diabetes prevention programmes. Lifestyle interventions are being delivered in a variety of settings and venues such as the workplace, the Internet and places of worship. In addition, at-risk populations also can be targeted, particularly overweight and obese persons, with at least one parent having type II diabetes or persons with gestational diabetes.",
author = "Madden, {Suzanne G.} and Loeb, {Susan J.} and Smith, {Carol A.}",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02335.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "2243--2256",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Nursing",
issn = "0962-1067",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "17",

}

An integrative literature review of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type II diabetes mellitus. / Madden, Suzanne G.; Loeb, Susan J.; Smith, Carol A.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 17, No. 17, 01.09.2008, p. 2243-2256.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - An integrative literature review of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type II diabetes mellitus

AU - Madden, Suzanne G.

AU - Loeb, Susan J.

AU - Smith, Carol A.

PY - 2008/9/1

Y1 - 2008/9/1

N2 - Aims and objectives. An integrative literature review was undertaken to determine what type II diabetes prevention programmes have been evaluated, what type of programme is the most effective and how adherent to lifestyle changes adults are after participating in a prevention programme. Background. Type II diabetes is important because the disease is affecting millions of people worldwide. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles are preventable risk factors for type II diabetes, leading many researchers from around the world to examine different programmes that are focussed on prevention of the disease. Design. Integrative literature review. Method. Search of electronic databases. Results. Diet, exercise, counselling and diet plus exercise were the types of prevention programmes, with the diet plus exercise being the most efficacious. Although many studies demonstrated excellent results initially, maintaining the effects of the lifestyle behaviour change proved to be difficult for participants, with only one study demonstrating the persistence of results after six years. Conclusion. Future research should focus on long-term maintenance programmes, rather than just short-term prevention programmes to determine the need for booster interventions or other means to ultimately decrease the incidence of type II diabetes. Relevance to clinical practice. As front-line healthcare providers working across a broad array of settings, nurses are particularly well-suited to play an integral part in future applications of diabetes prevention programmes. Lifestyle interventions are being delivered in a variety of settings and venues such as the workplace, the Internet and places of worship. In addition, at-risk populations also can be targeted, particularly overweight and obese persons, with at least one parent having type II diabetes or persons with gestational diabetes.

AB - Aims and objectives. An integrative literature review was undertaken to determine what type II diabetes prevention programmes have been evaluated, what type of programme is the most effective and how adherent to lifestyle changes adults are after participating in a prevention programme. Background. Type II diabetes is important because the disease is affecting millions of people worldwide. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles are preventable risk factors for type II diabetes, leading many researchers from around the world to examine different programmes that are focussed on prevention of the disease. Design. Integrative literature review. Method. Search of electronic databases. Results. Diet, exercise, counselling and diet plus exercise were the types of prevention programmes, with the diet plus exercise being the most efficacious. Although many studies demonstrated excellent results initially, maintaining the effects of the lifestyle behaviour change proved to be difficult for participants, with only one study demonstrating the persistence of results after six years. Conclusion. Future research should focus on long-term maintenance programmes, rather than just short-term prevention programmes to determine the need for booster interventions or other means to ultimately decrease the incidence of type II diabetes. Relevance to clinical practice. As front-line healthcare providers working across a broad array of settings, nurses are particularly well-suited to play an integral part in future applications of diabetes prevention programmes. Lifestyle interventions are being delivered in a variety of settings and venues such as the workplace, the Internet and places of worship. In addition, at-risk populations also can be targeted, particularly overweight and obese persons, with at least one parent having type II diabetes or persons with gestational diabetes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49749150113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=49749150113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02335.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02335.x

M3 - Review article

C2 - 18705701

AN - SCOPUS:49749150113

VL - 17

SP - 2243

EP - 2256

JO - Journal of Clinical Nursing

JF - Journal of Clinical Nursing

SN - 0962-1067

IS - 17

ER -