An intense soft excess and evidence for light bending in the luminous narrow-line quasar PHL 1092

L. C. Gallo, Th Boller, William Nielsen Brandt, A. C. Fabian, D. Grupe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The narrow-line quasar PHL1092 was observed by XMM-Newton at two epochs separated by nearly 30 months. Timing analyses confirm the extreme variability observed during previous X-ray missions. A measurement of the radiative efficiency is in excess of what is expected from a Schwarzschild black hole. In addition to the rapid X-ray variability, the short ultraviolet (UV) light curves (<4 h) obtained with the Optical Monitor (OM) may also show fluctuations, albeit at much lower amplitude than the X-rays. In general, the extreme variability is impressive considering that the broad-band (0.4-10 keV rest frame) luminosity of the source is ∼10 45 erg s -1. During at least one of the observations, the X-ray and UV light curves show common trends, although given the short duration of the OM observations, and low significance of the UV light curves, it is difficult to comment on the importance of this possible correlation. Interestingly, the high-energy photons (>2 keV) do not appear highly variable. The X-ray spectrum resembles that of many narrow-line Seyfert 1 type galaxies: an intense soft excess modelled with a multicolour disc blackbody, a power-law component, and an absorption line at ∼ 1.4 keV. The ∼1.4-keV feature is curious given that it was not detected in previous observations, and its presence could be related to the strength of the soft excess. Of further interest is curvature in the spectrum above ∼2 keV which can be described by a strong reflection component. The strong reflection component, lack of high-energy temporal variability, and extreme radiative efficiency measurements can be understood if we consider gravitational light-bending effects close to a maximally rotating black hole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)744-752
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume352
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2004

Fingerprint

quasars
time measurement
efficiency measurement
x rays
XMM-Newton telescope
ultraviolet radiation
newton
light curve
curvature
power law
galaxies
energy
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "An intense soft excess and evidence for light bending in the luminous narrow-line quasar PHL 1092",
abstract = "The narrow-line quasar PHL1092 was observed by XMM-Newton at two epochs separated by nearly 30 months. Timing analyses confirm the extreme variability observed during previous X-ray missions. A measurement of the radiative efficiency is in excess of what is expected from a Schwarzschild black hole. In addition to the rapid X-ray variability, the short ultraviolet (UV) light curves (<4 h) obtained with the Optical Monitor (OM) may also show fluctuations, albeit at much lower amplitude than the X-rays. In general, the extreme variability is impressive considering that the broad-band (0.4-10 keV rest frame) luminosity of the source is ∼10 45 erg s -1. During at least one of the observations, the X-ray and UV light curves show common trends, although given the short duration of the OM observations, and low significance of the UV light curves, it is difficult to comment on the importance of this possible correlation. Interestingly, the high-energy photons (>2 keV) do not appear highly variable. The X-ray spectrum resembles that of many narrow-line Seyfert 1 type galaxies: an intense soft excess modelled with a multicolour disc blackbody, a power-law component, and an absorption line at ∼ 1.4 keV. The ∼1.4-keV feature is curious given that it was not detected in previous observations, and its presence could be related to the strength of the soft excess. Of further interest is curvature in the spectrum above ∼2 keV which can be described by a strong reflection component. The strong reflection component, lack of high-energy temporal variability, and extreme radiative efficiency measurements can be understood if we consider gravitational light-bending effects close to a maximally rotating black hole.",
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An intense soft excess and evidence for light bending in the luminous narrow-line quasar PHL 1092. / Gallo, L. C.; Boller, Th; Brandt, William Nielsen; Fabian, A. C.; Grupe, D.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 352, No. 3, 11.08.2004, p. 744-752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - An intense soft excess and evidence for light bending in the luminous narrow-line quasar PHL 1092

AU - Gallo, L. C.

AU - Boller, Th

AU - Brandt, William Nielsen

AU - Fabian, A. C.

AU - Grupe, D.

PY - 2004/8/11

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N2 - The narrow-line quasar PHL1092 was observed by XMM-Newton at two epochs separated by nearly 30 months. Timing analyses confirm the extreme variability observed during previous X-ray missions. A measurement of the radiative efficiency is in excess of what is expected from a Schwarzschild black hole. In addition to the rapid X-ray variability, the short ultraviolet (UV) light curves (<4 h) obtained with the Optical Monitor (OM) may also show fluctuations, albeit at much lower amplitude than the X-rays. In general, the extreme variability is impressive considering that the broad-band (0.4-10 keV rest frame) luminosity of the source is ∼10 45 erg s -1. During at least one of the observations, the X-ray and UV light curves show common trends, although given the short duration of the OM observations, and low significance of the UV light curves, it is difficult to comment on the importance of this possible correlation. Interestingly, the high-energy photons (>2 keV) do not appear highly variable. The X-ray spectrum resembles that of many narrow-line Seyfert 1 type galaxies: an intense soft excess modelled with a multicolour disc blackbody, a power-law component, and an absorption line at ∼ 1.4 keV. The ∼1.4-keV feature is curious given that it was not detected in previous observations, and its presence could be related to the strength of the soft excess. Of further interest is curvature in the spectrum above ∼2 keV which can be described by a strong reflection component. The strong reflection component, lack of high-energy temporal variability, and extreme radiative efficiency measurements can be understood if we consider gravitational light-bending effects close to a maximally rotating black hole.

AB - The narrow-line quasar PHL1092 was observed by XMM-Newton at two epochs separated by nearly 30 months. Timing analyses confirm the extreme variability observed during previous X-ray missions. A measurement of the radiative efficiency is in excess of what is expected from a Schwarzschild black hole. In addition to the rapid X-ray variability, the short ultraviolet (UV) light curves (<4 h) obtained with the Optical Monitor (OM) may also show fluctuations, albeit at much lower amplitude than the X-rays. In general, the extreme variability is impressive considering that the broad-band (0.4-10 keV rest frame) luminosity of the source is ∼10 45 erg s -1. During at least one of the observations, the X-ray and UV light curves show common trends, although given the short duration of the OM observations, and low significance of the UV light curves, it is difficult to comment on the importance of this possible correlation. Interestingly, the high-energy photons (>2 keV) do not appear highly variable. The X-ray spectrum resembles that of many narrow-line Seyfert 1 type galaxies: an intense soft excess modelled with a multicolour disc blackbody, a power-law component, and an absorption line at ∼ 1.4 keV. The ∼1.4-keV feature is curious given that it was not detected in previous observations, and its presence could be related to the strength of the soft excess. Of further interest is curvature in the spectrum above ∼2 keV which can be described by a strong reflection component. The strong reflection component, lack of high-energy temporal variability, and extreme radiative efficiency measurements can be understood if we consider gravitational light-bending effects close to a maximally rotating black hole.

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