A model lipid peroxidation system dependent upon the hydroxyl radical, generated by Fenton's reagent, was compared to another model system dependent upon the enzymatic generation of superoxide by xanthine oxidase. Peroxidation was studied in detergent-dispersed linoleic acid and in phospholipid liposomes. Hydroxyl radical generation by Fenton's reagent (FeCl2 + H2O2) in the presence of phospholipid liposomes resulted in lipid peroxidation as evidenced by malondialdehyde and lipid hydroperoxide formation. Catalase, mannitol, and Tris-Cl were capable of inhibiting activity. The addition of EDTA resulted in complete inhibition of activity when the concentration of EDTA exceeded the concentration of Fe2+. The addition of ADP resulted in slight inhibition of activity, however, the activity was less sensitive to inhibition by mannitol. At an ADP to Fe2+ molar ratio of 10 to 1, 10 mm mannitol caused 25% inhibition of activity. Lipid peroxidation dependent on the enzymatic generation of superoxide by xanthine oxidase was studied in liposomes and in detergent-dispersed linoleate. No activity was observed in the absence of added iron. Activity and the apparent mechanism of initiation was dependent upon iron chelation. The addition of EDTA-chelated iron to the detergent-dispersed linoleate system resulted in lipid peroxidation as evidenced by diene conjugation. This activity was inhibited by catalase and hydroxyl radical trapping agents. In contrast, no activity was observed with phospholipid liposomes when iron was chelated with EDTA. The peroxidation of liposomes required ADP-chelated iron and activity was stimulated upon the addition of EDTA-chelated iron. The peroxidation of detergent-dispersed linoleate was also enhanced by ADP-chelated iron. Again, this peroxidation in the presence of ADP-chelated iron was not sensitive to catalase or hydroxyl radical trapping agents. It is proposed that initiation of superoxide-dependent lipid peroxidation in the presence of EDTA-chelated iron occurs via the hydroxyl radical. However, in the presence of ADP-chelated iron, the participation of the free hydroxyl radical is minimal.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology