An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers

Kailiang Ren, Yiming Liu, Heath Hofmann, Qiming Zhang

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Owing to their low acoustic impedance, high elastic energy density, and relatively high electromechanical conversion efficiency, the electroactive polymers have begun to show the potential for energy harvesting or mechanical to electrical energy conversion. In addition, due to the electromechanical coupling in these materials the electric and mechanical properties of these polymers will depend on the imposed electrical and mechanical conditions. This paper discusses how to utilizing this unique property to maximum the energy conversion efficiency and the harvested electrical energy density in the electrostrictive polymers. As an example, we demonstrate that when a properly phased and externally applied electric AC field is superimposed on the mechanical cycle, an output electrical energy density of 39mJ/cm 3 and mechanical-to-electrical conversion efficiency of about 10% can be obtained from the electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE) based polymers.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
    Pages37-44
    Number of pages8
    StatePublished - May 8 2006
    Event2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
    Duration: Nov 28 2005Dec 1 2005

    Publication series

    NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
    Volume889
    ISSN (Print)0272-9172

    Other

    Other2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting
    CountryUnited States
    CityBoston, MA
    Period11/28/0512/1/05

    Fingerprint

    Energy harvesting
    electric power
    Polymers
    flux density
    Conversion efficiency
    polymers
    Energy conversion
    electroactive polymers
    acoustic impedance
    energy conversion efficiency
    energy conversion
    Electromechanical coupling
    Acoustic impedance
    energy
    alternating current
    mechanical properties
    cycles
    Electric properties
    output
    Mechanical properties

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering

    Cite this

    Ren, K., Liu, Y., Hofmann, H., & Zhang, Q. (2006). An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (pp. 37-44). (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings; Vol. 889).
    Ren, Kailiang ; Liu, Yiming ; Hofmann, Heath ; Zhang, Qiming. / An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. 2006. pp. 37-44 (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings).
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    title = "An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers",
    abstract = "Owing to their low acoustic impedance, high elastic energy density, and relatively high electromechanical conversion efficiency, the electroactive polymers have begun to show the potential for energy harvesting or mechanical to electrical energy conversion. In addition, due to the electromechanical coupling in these materials the electric and mechanical properties of these polymers will depend on the imposed electrical and mechanical conditions. This paper discusses how to utilizing this unique property to maximum the energy conversion efficiency and the harvested electrical energy density in the electrostrictive polymers. As an example, we demonstrate that when a properly phased and externally applied electric AC field is superimposed on the mechanical cycle, an output electrical energy density of 39mJ/cm 3 and mechanical-to-electrical conversion efficiency of about 10{\%} can be obtained from the electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE) based polymers.",
    author = "Kailiang Ren and Yiming Liu and Heath Hofmann and Qiming Zhang",
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    Ren, K, Liu, Y, Hofmann, H & Zhang, Q 2006, An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers. in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 889, pp. 37-44, 2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, 11/28/05.

    An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers. / Ren, Kailiang; Liu, Yiming; Hofmann, Heath; Zhang, Qiming.

    Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. 2006. p. 37-44 (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings; Vol. 889).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    AB - Owing to their low acoustic impedance, high elastic energy density, and relatively high electromechanical conversion efficiency, the electroactive polymers have begun to show the potential for energy harvesting or mechanical to electrical energy conversion. In addition, due to the electromechanical coupling in these materials the electric and mechanical properties of these polymers will depend on the imposed electrical and mechanical conditions. This paper discusses how to utilizing this unique property to maximum the energy conversion efficiency and the harvested electrical energy density in the electrostrictive polymers. As an example, we demonstrate that when a properly phased and externally applied electric AC field is superimposed on the mechanical cycle, an output electrical energy density of 39mJ/cm 3 and mechanical-to-electrical conversion efficiency of about 10% can be obtained from the electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE) based polymers.

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    Ren K, Liu Y, Hofmann H, Zhang Q. An investigation of energy harvesting using electrostrictive polymers. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. 2006. p. 37-44. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings).