An investigation of micro-hollow cathode glow discharge generated optical emission spectroscopy for hydrocarbon detection and differentiation

Randy Lee Vander Wal, Chethan K. Gaddam, Michael J. Kulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analytical utility of a micro-hollow cathode glow discharge plasma for detection of varied hydrocarbons was tested using acetone, ethanol, heptane, nitrobenzene, and toluene. Differences in fragmentation pathways, reflecting parent compound molecular structure, led to differences in optical emission patterns that can then potentially serve as signatures for the species of interest. Spectral simulations were performed emphasizing the CH (A2Δ-X2Π), CH (C2Σ-X2Π), and OH (A2Σ+-X2Π) electronic systems. The analytical utility of selected emission lines is demonstrated by a linear relationship between optical emission spectroscopy and parent compound concentration over a wide range, with detection limits extending down to parts per billion (ppb) levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-656
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Fingerprint

cathode glow
Heptanes
Optical emission spectroscopy
Nitrobenzene
hollow cathodes
Toluene
Glow discharges
optical emission spectroscopy
Heptane
Hydrocarbons
Acetone
glow discharges
Molecular structure
Cathodes
Ethanol
hydrocarbons
methylidyne
Plasmas
nitrobenzenes
heptanes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

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abstract = "The analytical utility of a micro-hollow cathode glow discharge plasma for detection of varied hydrocarbons was tested using acetone, ethanol, heptane, nitrobenzene, and toluene. Differences in fragmentation pathways, reflecting parent compound molecular structure, led to differences in optical emission patterns that can then potentially serve as signatures for the species of interest. Spectral simulations were performed emphasizing the CH (A2Δ-X2Π), CH (C2Σ-X2Π), and OH (A2Σ+-X2Π) electronic systems. The analytical utility of selected emission lines is demonstrated by a linear relationship between optical emission spectroscopy and parent compound concentration over a wide range, with detection limits extending down to parts per billion (ppb) levels.",
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An investigation of micro-hollow cathode glow discharge generated optical emission spectroscopy for hydrocarbon detection and differentiation. / Vander Wal, Randy Lee; Gaddam, Chethan K.; Kulis, Michael J.

In: Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 68, No. 6, 01.06.2014, p. 649-656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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