An investigation of the characteristics of the convection reversal boundary under southward interplanetary magnetic field

W. A. Bristow, J. Spaleta

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The characteristics of the Convection Reversal Boundary (CRB) as determined from Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) observations of convection are examined and modeled. Convection patterns were calculated for all intervals within the 11 year period 2000-2010 when the interplanetary magnetic field met a restrictive set of criteria. When there were sufficient observations, the CRB was determined and binned as a function of latitude and magnetic local time. There were over 90,000 determinations of the CRB included in the study. Distributions of CRB locations were formed for each hour of magnetic local time. The distributions varied in average latitude and in variance, with the lowest latitude and broadest widths occurring near midnight. The distributions were skewed toward high latitudes on the dayside and toward low latitudes on the night side. The CRB was modeled as a linear sum of terms dependent on the interplanetary magnetic field, the solar wind, and the SymH indices. Finally, the dynamic behavior of the boundary is discussed and modeled in an attempt to reproduce the observed distributions. Key Points Distributions of convection reversal boundary latitudes under steady driving Polar cap is highly variable even under steady driving Latitude distributions can be modeled by a simple model for boundary motion

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6338-6351
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume118
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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