An overabundance of transient X-ray binaries within 1 parsec of the galactic center

M. P. Muno, E. Pfahl, F. K. Baganoff, W. N. Brandt, A. Ghez, J. Lu, M. R. Morris

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Abstract

During 5 years of Chandra observations, we have identified seven X-ray transients located within 23 pc of Sgr A*. These sources each vary in luminosity by more than a factor of 10 and have peak X-ray luminosities greater than 5 × 1033 ergs s-1, which strongly suggests that they are accreting black holes or neutron stars. The peak luminosities of the transients are intermediate between those typically considered outburst and quiescence for X-ray binaries. Remarkably, four of these transients lie within only 1 pc of Sgr A*. This implies that, compared to the numbers of similar systems located between 1 and 23 pc, transients are overabundant by a factor of ≳ 20 per unit stellar mass within 1 pc of Sgr A*. It is likely that the excess transient X-ray sources are low-mass X-ray binaries that were produced, as in the cores of globular clusters, by three-body interactions between binary star systems and either black holes or neutron stars that have been concentrated in the central parsec through dynamical friction. Alternatively, they could be high-mass X-ray binaries that formed among the young stars that are present in the central parsec.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L113-L116
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume622
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

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x rays
luminosity
stars
neutron stars
binary stars
globular clusters
stellar mass
outburst
erg
friction
interactions
young

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Muno, M. P., Pfahl, E., Baganoff, F. K., Brandt, W. N., Ghez, A., Lu, J., & Morris, M. R. (2005). An overabundance of transient X-ray binaries within 1 parsec of the galactic center. Astrophysical Journal, 622(2 II), L113-L116. https://doi.org/10.1086/429721
Muno, M. P. ; Pfahl, E. ; Baganoff, F. K. ; Brandt, W. N. ; Ghez, A. ; Lu, J. ; Morris, M. R. / An overabundance of transient X-ray binaries within 1 parsec of the galactic center. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 622, No. 2 II. pp. L113-L116.
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Muno, MP, Pfahl, E, Baganoff, FK, Brandt, WN, Ghez, A, Lu, J & Morris, MR 2005, 'An overabundance of transient X-ray binaries within 1 parsec of the galactic center', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 622, no. 2 II, pp. L113-L116. https://doi.org/10.1086/429721

An overabundance of transient X-ray binaries within 1 parsec of the galactic center. / Muno, M. P.; Pfahl, E.; Baganoff, F. K.; Brandt, W. N.; Ghez, A.; Lu, J.; Morris, M. R.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 622, No. 2 II, 01.04.2005, p. L113-L116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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