An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte

Yu Ting Weng, Hao Wen Liu, Allen Pei, Fei Fei Shi, Hansen Wang, Chih Yuan Lin, Sheng Siang Huang, Lin Ya Su, Jyh Ping Hsu, Chia Chen Fang, Yi Cui, Nae Lih Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High coulombic efficiency and dendrite suppression in carbonate electrolytes remain challenges to the development of high-energy lithium ion batteries containing lithium metal anodes. Here we demonstrate an ultrathin (≤100 nm) lithium-ion ionomer membrane consisting of lithium-exchanged sulfonated polyether ether ketone embedded with polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane as a coating layer on copper or lithium for achieving efficient and stable lithium plating-stripping cycles in a carbonate-based electrolyte. Operando analyses and theoretical simulation reveal the remarkable ability of the ionomer coating to enable electric field homogenization over a considerably large lithium-plating surface. The membrane coating, serving as an artificial solid-electrolyte interphase filter in minimizing parasitic reactions at the electrolyte-electrode interface, enables dendrite-free lithium plating on copper with outstanding coulombic efficiencies at room and elevated (50 °C) temperatures. The membrane coated copper demonstrates itself as a promising current collector for manufacturing high-quality pre-plated lithium thin-film anode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5824
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Weng, Y. T., Liu, H. W., Pei, A., Shi, F. F., Wang, H., Lin, C. Y., Huang, S. S., Su, L. Y., Hsu, J. P., Fang, C. C., Cui, Y., & Wu, N. L. (2019). An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte. Nature communications, 10(1), [5824]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13783-1