Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system

William J. Walters, Alireza Haghighat, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Katherine E. Royston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the neutronics and fuel burnup of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven reactor design. The GEMSTAR design uses a molten salt fuel, with graphite moderation in a subcritical configuration with supplemental neutrons provided by an accelerator-driven proton spallation source. This allows for very safe operation since no criticality accidents are possible. A continuous extraction of spent fuel and addition of fresh fuel allows for the reactor to run at an equilibrium state of power and isotopic concentrations. Further, the liquid fuel and subcritical nature allow for higher burnup and more flexible fueling options. In previous analysis of the reactor, several simplifying assumptions were made about the neutronics modeling. In this study, these assumptions are eliminated, and a more detailed study is performed using MCNP6, Monteburns, and CINDER90 for neutronics and burnup calculation. Although there are some differences between the old and new analyses, equilibrium isotopic concentrations are within 10%, while electric multiplication factors are within 20%. Burnup analysis shows that the approach to equilibrium takes approximately two years for natural uranium fuel. By decreasing the fuel feed rate, the burnup can be increased at the cost of slightly lower electric multiplication. The performance of several feed materials are examined including natural uranium, LWR spent fuel and plutonium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhysics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016
Subtitle of host publicationUnifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century
PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society
Pages2338-2347
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510825734
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventPhysics of Reactors 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century, PHYSOR 2016 - Sun Valley, United States
Duration: May 1 2016May 5 2016

Publication series

NamePhysics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century
Volume4

Other

OtherPhysics of Reactors 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century, PHYSOR 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySun Valley
Period5/1/165/5/16

Fingerprint

Particle accelerators
accelerators
spent fuels
Spent fuels
multiplication
Uranium
uranium
reactors
reactor design
liquid fuels
Fueling
refueling
molten salts
plutonium
Plutonium
Liquid fuels
spallation
accidents
Molten materials
Accidents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Walters, W. J., Haghighat, A., Vogelaar, R. B., & Royston, K. E. (2016). Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system. In Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (pp. 2338-2347). (Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century; Vol. 4). American Nuclear Society.
Walters, William J. ; Haghighat, Alireza ; Vogelaar, R. Bruce ; Royston, Katherine E. / Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system. Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century. American Nuclear Society, 2016. pp. 2338-2347 (Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century).
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Walters, WJ, Haghighat, A, Vogelaar, RB & Royston, KE 2016, Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system. in Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century. Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century, vol. 4, American Nuclear Society, pp. 2338-2347, Physics of Reactors 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century, PHYSOR 2016, Sun Valley, United States, 5/1/16.

Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system. / Walters, William J.; Haghighat, Alireza; Vogelaar, R. Bruce; Royston, Katherine E.

Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century. American Nuclear Society, 2016. p. 2338-2347 (Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century; Vol. 4).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the neutronics and fuel burnup of the GEM∗STAR accelerator-driven reactor design. The GEM∗STAR design uses a molten salt fuel, with graphite moderation in a subcritical configuration with supplemental neutrons provided by an accelerator-driven proton spallation source. This allows for very safe operation since no criticality accidents are possible. A continuous extraction of spent fuel and addition of fresh fuel allows for the reactor to run at an equilibrium state of power and isotopic concentrations. Further, the liquid fuel and subcritical nature allow for higher burnup and more flexible fueling options. In previous analysis of the reactor, several simplifying assumptions were made about the neutronics modeling. In this study, these assumptions are eliminated, and a more detailed study is performed using MCNP6, Monteburns, and CINDER90 for neutronics and burnup calculation. Although there are some differences between the old and new analyses, equilibrium isotopic concentrations are within 10%, while electric multiplication factors are within 20%. Burnup analysis shows that the approach to equilibrium takes approximately two years for natural uranium fuel. By decreasing the fuel feed rate, the burnup can be increased at the cost of slightly lower electric multiplication. The performance of several feed materials are examined including natural uranium, LWR spent fuel and plutonium.

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Walters WJ, Haghighat A, Vogelaar RB, Royston KE. Analysis and burnup modeling of the GEMSTAR accelerator-driven system. In Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century. American Nuclear Society. 2016. p. 2338-2347. (Physics of Reactors 2016, PHYSOR 2016: Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century).