Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs

Luis Ayala H., F. Luis, Radespiel Eduardo, Turgay Ertekin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaching dew-point conditions upon depletion in a near-critical gas reservoir results in the precipitation of a liquid hydrocarbon phase or condensate dropout. Condensate dropout is usually immobile and impairs the flow of the other phases, adversely affecting reservoir productivity and ultimate recovery in this type of gas reservoirs. In the case of fissured reservoirs, the high-conductivity channels supplied by the fracture network will be prone to faster depletion upon fluid withdrawal. Condensate dropout would then occur in the fracture network first and then in the external edges of the matrix blocks. Even though condensate dropout in the fracture may have considerable mobility, this is not the case for the liquid formed at the external portions of the matrix. In this scenario, liquid buildup will hinder the flow of hydrocarbons from the inner portions of the matrix blocks and severely obstruct their recovery. This study aims at the numerical tracking of the liquid barrier, which requires a fine discretization of the inner portions of the matrix blocks, and the analysis of the interplay between the condensate barrier and hydrocarbon flow within the surrounding matrix/fracture system. While traditional wisdom dictates that reservoir condensate dropout is undesirable because this valuable condensate may be completely lost to the formation, this study analyzes if the situation is even worse for the case of fissured systems. In addition to low surface condensate recoveries, condensate appearance in fissured systems may also indicate that the inner-block gas stored in the matrices - where the bulk of the reservoir storage resides - might be also unrecoverable. In this study, guidelines for the development of this class of reservoirs are presented by identifying the controlling parameters of system behavior and ultimate recovery and analyzing the depletion characteristics of near critical fluids in fissured systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference
Pages1192-1198
Number of pages7
Volume3
StatePublished - Aug 20 2007
EventSPE 10th Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, X LACPEC 07 - Buenos Aires, Argentina
Duration: Apr 15 2007Apr 18 2007

Other

OtherSPE 10th Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, X LACPEC 07
CountryArgentina
CityBuenos Aires
Period4/15/074/18/07

Fingerprint

condensate
gas
matrix
liquid
fracture network
hydrocarbon
analysis
dew point
fluid
conductivity
productivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

Cite this

Ayala H., L., Luis, F., Eduardo, R., & Ertekin, T. (2007). Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs. In SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference (Vol. 3, pp. 1192-1198)
Ayala H., Luis ; Luis, F. ; Eduardo, Radespiel ; Ertekin, Turgay. / Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs. SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. Vol. 3 2007. pp. 1192-1198
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Ayala H., L, Luis, F, Eduardo, R & Ertekin, T 2007, Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs. in SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. vol. 3, pp. 1192-1198, SPE 10th Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, X LACPEC 07, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 4/15/07.

Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs. / Ayala H., Luis; Luis, F.; Eduardo, Radespiel; Ertekin, Turgay.

SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. Vol. 3 2007. p. 1192-1198.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Reaching dew-point conditions upon depletion in a near-critical gas reservoir results in the precipitation of a liquid hydrocarbon phase or condensate dropout. Condensate dropout is usually immobile and impairs the flow of the other phases, adversely affecting reservoir productivity and ultimate recovery in this type of gas reservoirs. In the case of fissured reservoirs, the high-conductivity channels supplied by the fracture network will be prone to faster depletion upon fluid withdrawal. Condensate dropout would then occur in the fracture network first and then in the external edges of the matrix blocks. Even though condensate dropout in the fracture may have considerable mobility, this is not the case for the liquid formed at the external portions of the matrix. In this scenario, liquid buildup will hinder the flow of hydrocarbons from the inner portions of the matrix blocks and severely obstruct their recovery. This study aims at the numerical tracking of the liquid barrier, which requires a fine discretization of the inner portions of the matrix blocks, and the analysis of the interplay between the condensate barrier and hydrocarbon flow within the surrounding matrix/fracture system. While traditional wisdom dictates that reservoir condensate dropout is undesirable because this valuable condensate may be completely lost to the formation, this study analyzes if the situation is even worse for the case of fissured systems. In addition to low surface condensate recoveries, condensate appearance in fissured systems may also indicate that the inner-block gas stored in the matrices - where the bulk of the reservoir storage resides - might be also unrecoverable. In this study, guidelines for the development of this class of reservoirs are presented by identifying the controlling parameters of system behavior and ultimate recovery and analyzing the depletion characteristics of near critical fluids in fissured systems.

AB - Reaching dew-point conditions upon depletion in a near-critical gas reservoir results in the precipitation of a liquid hydrocarbon phase or condensate dropout. Condensate dropout is usually immobile and impairs the flow of the other phases, adversely affecting reservoir productivity and ultimate recovery in this type of gas reservoirs. In the case of fissured reservoirs, the high-conductivity channels supplied by the fracture network will be prone to faster depletion upon fluid withdrawal. Condensate dropout would then occur in the fracture network first and then in the external edges of the matrix blocks. Even though condensate dropout in the fracture may have considerable mobility, this is not the case for the liquid formed at the external portions of the matrix. In this scenario, liquid buildup will hinder the flow of hydrocarbons from the inner portions of the matrix blocks and severely obstruct their recovery. This study aims at the numerical tracking of the liquid barrier, which requires a fine discretization of the inner portions of the matrix blocks, and the analysis of the interplay between the condensate barrier and hydrocarbon flow within the surrounding matrix/fracture system. While traditional wisdom dictates that reservoir condensate dropout is undesirable because this valuable condensate may be completely lost to the formation, this study analyzes if the situation is even worse for the case of fissured systems. In addition to low surface condensate recoveries, condensate appearance in fissured systems may also indicate that the inner-block gas stored in the matrices - where the bulk of the reservoir storage resides - might be also unrecoverable. In this study, guidelines for the development of this class of reservoirs are presented by identifying the controlling parameters of system behavior and ultimate recovery and analyzing the depletion characteristics of near critical fluids in fissured systems.

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Ayala H. L, Luis F, Eduardo R, Ertekin T. Analysis of condensate buildup and flow impairment of retrograde gases in fissured reservoirs. In SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. Vol. 3. 2007. p. 1192-1198