Analysis of pheromone-mediated behaviors in male Grapholitha molesta, the oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

Thomas C. Baker, Ring T. Cardé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Grapholitha molesta (Busck), the Oriental fruit moth, the behavioral effects of 3 female sex pheromone components, (Z)-8-dodecenyl acetate (Z8-12:Ac), (E)-8-dodecenyl acetate (E8-12:Ac), and (Z)-8-dodecenyl alcohol (Z8-12:OH), are described most precisely only when each component is considered in combination with the other two, rather than individually or in binary blends. In a blend ratio approximating that emitted by G. molesta females, these 3 components elicited increases in both early (long-range) and late (close-range) behaviors in the male response sequence. Hence, these components act as a unit. An added fourth component, dodecanol (12:OH), had significant, but subtle, effects upon the hairpencil display when Z8-12:OH was at suboptimal levels, in contrast to the stronger behavioral effects previously ascribed to 12:OH. Z8-12:OH appears important to the reproductive isolation between G. molesta and G. prunivora (Walsh), because this component strongly reduced trap capture of G. prunivora males when present at a dispenser dosage of only 1% of the acetates, and virtually eliminated capture at 10%. There was a strong correlation between pheromone plume behaviors of pre-flight wing fanning while walking and upwind flight, suggesting that these behaviors may be closely associated, functioning to locate the pheromone source by ground or air, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-968
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Entomology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1979

Fingerprint

Grapholita molesta
Tortricidae
pheromone
moth
pheromones
acetate
fruit
Lepidoptera
acetates
flight
wing fanning
sex pheromone
reproductive isolation
walking
dispensers
alcohol
sex pheromones
plume
alcohols
traps

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of pheromone-mediated behaviors in male Grapholitha molesta, the oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)",
abstract = "In Grapholitha molesta (Busck), the Oriental fruit moth, the behavioral effects of 3 female sex pheromone components, (Z)-8-dodecenyl acetate (Z8-12:Ac), (E)-8-dodecenyl acetate (E8-12:Ac), and (Z)-8-dodecenyl alcohol (Z8-12:OH), are described most precisely only when each component is considered in combination with the other two, rather than individually or in binary blends. In a blend ratio approximating that emitted by G. molesta females, these 3 components elicited increases in both early (long-range) and late (close-range) behaviors in the male response sequence. Hence, these components act as a unit. An added fourth component, dodecanol (12:OH), had significant, but subtle, effects upon the hairpencil display when Z8-12:OH was at suboptimal levels, in contrast to the stronger behavioral effects previously ascribed to 12:OH. Z8-12:OH appears important to the reproductive isolation between G. molesta and G. prunivora (Walsh), because this component strongly reduced trap capture of G. prunivora males when present at a dispenser dosage of only 1{\%} of the acetates, and virtually eliminated capture at 10{\%}. There was a strong correlation between pheromone plume behaviors of pre-flight wing fanning while walking and upwind flight, suggesting that these behaviors may be closely associated, functioning to locate the pheromone source by ground or air, respectively.",
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Analysis of pheromone-mediated behaviors in male Grapholitha molesta, the oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae). / Baker, Thomas C.; Cardé, Ring T.

In: Environmental Entomology, Vol. 8, No. 6, 01.12.1979, p. 956-968.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cardé, Ring T.

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