Purpose To report the final 2-year data on the efficacy and safety of a nitinol retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter for protection against pulmonary embolism (PE). Materials and Methods This was a prospective multicenter trial of 200 patients with temporary indications for caval filtration who underwent implantation of the Denali IVC filter. After filter placement, all patients were followed for 2 years after placement or 30 days after filter retrieval. The primary endpoints were technical success of filter implantation in the intended location and clinical success of filter placement and retrieval. Secondary endpoints were incidence of clinically symptomatic recurrent PE, new or propagating deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and filter-related complications including migration, fracture, penetration, and tilt. Results Filter placement was technically successful in 199 patients (99.5%). Filters were clinically successful in 190 patients (95%). The rate of PE was 3% (n = 6), with 5 patients having a small subsegmental PE and 1 having a lobar PE. New or worsening DVT was noted in 26 patients (13%). Filter retrieval was attempted 125 times in 124 patients and was technically successful in 121 patients (97.6%). The mean filter dwell time at retrieval was 200.8 days (range, 5–736 d). There were no instances of filter fracture, migration, or tilt greater than 15° at the time of filter retrieval or during follow-up. Conclusions The Denali IVC filter exhibited high success rates for filter placement and retrieval while maintaining a low complication rate in this clinical trial.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine