Our previous studies have shown that somatotropin (ST) antagonizes insulin stimulation of fatty acid synthase (FAS) enzyme activity and gene transcription in adipocytes. In the present study, inhibitors of insulin and ST signaling pathways were used to dissect the mechanisms by which these hormones regulate FAS gene expression in 3T3-F442A adipocytes. Treating 3T3-F442A adipocytes with 10 μM PD98059, an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, did not affect the induction of FAS mRNA by insulin. When cells were cultured with H-89 (10 μM), GF109203X (10 μM), or staurosporine (100 μM), inhibitors of protein kinase A, protein kinase C, and Janus kinase (JAK) 2, respectively, the inhibitory effect of ST on FAS mRNA levels was not altered. However, H-89 significantly decreased the stimulatory effect of insulin on FAS mRNA abundance. Moreover, treatment with okadaic acid (1 μM), a serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitor, abolished the induction of FAS mRNA by insulin. These results suggest that serine/threonine dephosphorylation and protein kinase A-dependent pathways are involved in the regulation of FAS gene expresion by insulin, but MAP kinase is probably not involved. Furthermore, our data indicate that protein kinase A, protein kinase C, and JAK2 do not mediate the effect of ST on regulation of FAS mRNA abundance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology