Analyzing the characteristics of cognitive-assistant-facilitated ideation groups

Torsten Maier, Nicolas F.Soria Zurita, Elizabeth Starkey, Daniel Spillane, Jessica Menold, Christopher McComb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The rapid digitalization of the world has affected engineering and design in a variety of ways, including the introduction of new computer-aided ideation tools. Cognitive assistants (CA), an increasingly common digital technology, use natural-language processing and artificial intelligence to provide computational support. Because cognitive assistants are capable of emulating humans in some tasks, they may be suited to support brainstorming activities when trained coaches or facilitators are not available. This study compared co-located brainstorming groups facilitated by human facilitators and a CA facilitator. Interaction Dynamics Notation was used to code the sessions, and Hidden Markov Models were used to define the group's states. We found that human facilitation was associated with blocks/interruptions and responding to those while cognitive assistant facilitation was associated with deviations and silence. Human facilitation was also found to produce a more equal distribution of speaking time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication32nd International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology (DTM)
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791883976
StatePublished - 2020
EventASME 2020 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC-CIE 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Aug 17 2020Aug 19 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume8

Conference

ConferenceASME 2020 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC-CIE 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/17/208/19/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

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