Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences

Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis, Mark W. Chase, Mark E. Mort, Dirk C. Albach, Michael Zanis, Vincent Savolainen, William H. Hahn, Sara B. Hoot, Michael F. Fay, Michael Axtell, Susan M. Swensen, Linda M. Prince, W. John Kress, Kevin C. Nixon, James S. Farris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1068 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A phylogenetic analysis of a combined data set for 560 angiosperms and seven outgroups based on three genes, 18S rDNA (1855 bp), rbcL (1428 bp), and atpB (1450 bp) representing a total of 4733 bp is presented. Parsimony analysis was expedited by use of a new computer program, the RATCHET. Parsimony jackknifing was performed to assess the support of clades. The combination of three data sets for numerous species has resulted in the most highly resolved and strongly supported topology yet obtained for angiosperms. In contrast to previous analyses based on single genes, much of the spine of the tree and most of the larger clades receive jackknife support ≥50%. Some of the noneudicots form a grade followed by a strongly supported eudicot clade. The early-branching angiosperms arc Amborellaceae, Nymphaeaceae, and a clade of Austrobaileyaceae, Illiciaceae, and Schisandraceae. The remaining noneudicots, except Ceratophyllaceace form a weakly supported core eumagnoliid clade comprising six well-supported subclades: Chloranthaceae, monocots, Winteraceae/Canellaceae, Piperales, Laurales, and Magnoliales. Ceratophyllaceae are sister to the eudicots. Within the well-supported eudicot clade, the early-diverging eudicots (e.g. Proteales, Ranunculales, Trochodendraceae, Sabiaceae) form a grade, followed by the core eudicots, the monophyly of which is also strongly supported. The core eudicots comprise six well-supported subclades: (1) Berberidopsidaceae/Aextoxicaceae; (2) Myrothamnaceae/Gunneraceae; (3) Saxifragales, which are the sister to Vitaceae (including Leea) plus a strongly supported eurosid clade; (4) Santalales; (5) Caryophyllales, to which Dilleniaceae are sister; and (6) an asterid clade. The relationships among these six subclades of core eudicots do not receive strong support. This large data set has also helped place a number of enigmatic angiosperm families, including Podostemaceae, Aphloiaceae, and Ixerbaceae. This analysis further illustrates the tractability of large data sets and supports a recent, phylogenetically based, ordinal-level reclassification of the angiosperms based largely, but not exclusively, on molecular (DNA sequence) data. (C) 2000 The Linnean Society of London.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-461
Number of pages81
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume133
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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angiosperm
Angiospermae
phylogeny
Schisandraceae
Aphloiaceae
Berberidopsidaceae
Strasburgeriaceae
Aextoxicaceae
Myrothamnaceae
Gunneraceae
Proteales
Sabiaceae
Ceratophyllaceae
Austrobaileyaceae
Canellaceae
Trochodendraceae
Amborellaceae
Santalales
Saxifragales
Piperales

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Chase, M. W., Mort, M. E., Albach, D. C., Zanis, M., ... Farris, J. S. (2000). Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 133(4), 381-461. https://doi.org/10.1006/bojl.2000.0380
Soltis, Douglas E. ; Soltis, Pamela S. ; Chase, Mark W. ; Mort, Mark E. ; Albach, Dirk C. ; Zanis, Michael ; Savolainen, Vincent ; Hahn, William H. ; Hoot, Sara B. ; Fay, Michael F. ; Axtell, Michael ; Swensen, Susan M. ; Prince, Linda M. ; Kress, W. John ; Nixon, Kevin C. ; Farris, James S. / Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 2000 ; Vol. 133, No. 4. pp. 381-461.
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abstract = "A phylogenetic analysis of a combined data set for 560 angiosperms and seven outgroups based on three genes, 18S rDNA (1855 bp), rbcL (1428 bp), and atpB (1450 bp) representing a total of 4733 bp is presented. Parsimony analysis was expedited by use of a new computer program, the RATCHET. Parsimony jackknifing was performed to assess the support of clades. The combination of three data sets for numerous species has resulted in the most highly resolved and strongly supported topology yet obtained for angiosperms. In contrast to previous analyses based on single genes, much of the spine of the tree and most of the larger clades receive jackknife support ≥50{\%}. Some of the noneudicots form a grade followed by a strongly supported eudicot clade. The early-branching angiosperms arc Amborellaceae, Nymphaeaceae, and a clade of Austrobaileyaceae, Illiciaceae, and Schisandraceae. The remaining noneudicots, except Ceratophyllaceace form a weakly supported core eumagnoliid clade comprising six well-supported subclades: Chloranthaceae, monocots, Winteraceae/Canellaceae, Piperales, Laurales, and Magnoliales. Ceratophyllaceae are sister to the eudicots. Within the well-supported eudicot clade, the early-diverging eudicots (e.g. Proteales, Ranunculales, Trochodendraceae, Sabiaceae) form a grade, followed by the core eudicots, the monophyly of which is also strongly supported. The core eudicots comprise six well-supported subclades: (1) Berberidopsidaceae/Aextoxicaceae; (2) Myrothamnaceae/Gunneraceae; (3) Saxifragales, which are the sister to Vitaceae (including Leea) plus a strongly supported eurosid clade; (4) Santalales; (5) Caryophyllales, to which Dilleniaceae are sister; and (6) an asterid clade. The relationships among these six subclades of core eudicots do not receive strong support. This large data set has also helped place a number of enigmatic angiosperm families, including Podostemaceae, Aphloiaceae, and Ixerbaceae. This analysis further illustrates the tractability of large data sets and supports a recent, phylogenetically based, ordinal-level reclassification of the angiosperms based largely, but not exclusively, on molecular (DNA sequence) data. (C) 2000 The Linnean Society of London.",
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Soltis, DE, Soltis, PS, Chase, MW, Mort, ME, Albach, DC, Zanis, M, Savolainen, V, Hahn, WH, Hoot, SB, Fay, MF, Axtell, M, Swensen, SM, Prince, LM, Kress, WJ, Nixon, KC & Farris, JS 2000, 'Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences', Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 381-461. https://doi.org/10.1006/bojl.2000.0380

Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. / Soltis, Douglas E.; Soltis, Pamela S.; Chase, Mark W.; Mort, Mark E.; Albach, Dirk C.; Zanis, Michael; Savolainen, Vincent; Hahn, William H.; Hoot, Sara B.; Fay, Michael F.; Axtell, Michael; Swensen, Susan M.; Prince, Linda M.; Kress, W. John; Nixon, Kevin C.; Farris, James S.

In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 133, No. 4, 01.01.2000, p. 381-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences

AU - Soltis, Douglas E.

AU - Soltis, Pamela S.

AU - Chase, Mark W.

AU - Mort, Mark E.

AU - Albach, Dirk C.

AU - Zanis, Michael

AU - Savolainen, Vincent

AU - Hahn, William H.

AU - Hoot, Sara B.

AU - Fay, Michael F.

AU - Axtell, Michael

AU - Swensen, Susan M.

AU - Prince, Linda M.

AU - Kress, W. John

AU - Nixon, Kevin C.

AU - Farris, James S.

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - A phylogenetic analysis of a combined data set for 560 angiosperms and seven outgroups based on three genes, 18S rDNA (1855 bp), rbcL (1428 bp), and atpB (1450 bp) representing a total of 4733 bp is presented. Parsimony analysis was expedited by use of a new computer program, the RATCHET. Parsimony jackknifing was performed to assess the support of clades. The combination of three data sets for numerous species has resulted in the most highly resolved and strongly supported topology yet obtained for angiosperms. In contrast to previous analyses based on single genes, much of the spine of the tree and most of the larger clades receive jackknife support ≥50%. Some of the noneudicots form a grade followed by a strongly supported eudicot clade. The early-branching angiosperms arc Amborellaceae, Nymphaeaceae, and a clade of Austrobaileyaceae, Illiciaceae, and Schisandraceae. The remaining noneudicots, except Ceratophyllaceace form a weakly supported core eumagnoliid clade comprising six well-supported subclades: Chloranthaceae, monocots, Winteraceae/Canellaceae, Piperales, Laurales, and Magnoliales. Ceratophyllaceae are sister to the eudicots. Within the well-supported eudicot clade, the early-diverging eudicots (e.g. Proteales, Ranunculales, Trochodendraceae, Sabiaceae) form a grade, followed by the core eudicots, the monophyly of which is also strongly supported. The core eudicots comprise six well-supported subclades: (1) Berberidopsidaceae/Aextoxicaceae; (2) Myrothamnaceae/Gunneraceae; (3) Saxifragales, which are the sister to Vitaceae (including Leea) plus a strongly supported eurosid clade; (4) Santalales; (5) Caryophyllales, to which Dilleniaceae are sister; and (6) an asterid clade. The relationships among these six subclades of core eudicots do not receive strong support. This large data set has also helped place a number of enigmatic angiosperm families, including Podostemaceae, Aphloiaceae, and Ixerbaceae. This analysis further illustrates the tractability of large data sets and supports a recent, phylogenetically based, ordinal-level reclassification of the angiosperms based largely, but not exclusively, on molecular (DNA sequence) data. (C) 2000 The Linnean Society of London.

AB - A phylogenetic analysis of a combined data set for 560 angiosperms and seven outgroups based on three genes, 18S rDNA (1855 bp), rbcL (1428 bp), and atpB (1450 bp) representing a total of 4733 bp is presented. Parsimony analysis was expedited by use of a new computer program, the RATCHET. Parsimony jackknifing was performed to assess the support of clades. The combination of three data sets for numerous species has resulted in the most highly resolved and strongly supported topology yet obtained for angiosperms. In contrast to previous analyses based on single genes, much of the spine of the tree and most of the larger clades receive jackknife support ≥50%. Some of the noneudicots form a grade followed by a strongly supported eudicot clade. The early-branching angiosperms arc Amborellaceae, Nymphaeaceae, and a clade of Austrobaileyaceae, Illiciaceae, and Schisandraceae. The remaining noneudicots, except Ceratophyllaceace form a weakly supported core eumagnoliid clade comprising six well-supported subclades: Chloranthaceae, monocots, Winteraceae/Canellaceae, Piperales, Laurales, and Magnoliales. Ceratophyllaceae are sister to the eudicots. Within the well-supported eudicot clade, the early-diverging eudicots (e.g. Proteales, Ranunculales, Trochodendraceae, Sabiaceae) form a grade, followed by the core eudicots, the monophyly of which is also strongly supported. The core eudicots comprise six well-supported subclades: (1) Berberidopsidaceae/Aextoxicaceae; (2) Myrothamnaceae/Gunneraceae; (3) Saxifragales, which are the sister to Vitaceae (including Leea) plus a strongly supported eurosid clade; (4) Santalales; (5) Caryophyllales, to which Dilleniaceae are sister; and (6) an asterid clade. The relationships among these six subclades of core eudicots do not receive strong support. This large data set has also helped place a number of enigmatic angiosperm families, including Podostemaceae, Aphloiaceae, and Ixerbaceae. This analysis further illustrates the tractability of large data sets and supports a recent, phylogenetically based, ordinal-level reclassification of the angiosperms based largely, but not exclusively, on molecular (DNA sequence) data. (C) 2000 The Linnean Society of London.

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Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Chase MW, Mort ME, Albach DC, Zanis M et al. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 2000 Jan 1;133(4):381-461. https://doi.org/10.1006/bojl.2000.0380