Angiotensin peptides and central autonomic regulation

Debra I. Diz, Amy C. Arnold, Manisha Nautiyal, Katsunori Isa, Hossam A. Shaltout, E. Ann Tallant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging, hypertension, and fetal-programmed cardiovascular disease are associated with a functional deficiency of angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) in the brain dorsomedial medulla. The resulting unrestrained activity of Ang II in brainstem regions negatively impacts resting mean arterial pressure, sympathovagal balance, and baroreflex sensitivity for control of heart rate. The differential effects of Ang II and Ang-(1-7) may be related to the cellular sources of these peptides as well as different precursor pathways. Long-term alterations of the brain renin-angiotensin system may influence signaling pathways including phosphoinositol-3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase and their downstream mediators, and as a consequence may influence metabolic function. Differential regulation of signaling pathways in aging and hypertension by Ang II versus Ang-(1-7) may contribute to the autonomic dysfunction accompanying these states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Angiotensin peptides and central autonomic regulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this