This article reviews the commonly used murine strains for studying lupus and lupus nephritis, including strains that develop lupus spontaneously, congenic strains, induced models of lupus, as well as genetically engineered mouse models of lupus bearing transgenes or knockouts. The review then summarizes the main cellular and molecular pathways that lead to the pathogenesis of this autoimmune disease, including autoantibodies. Finally, it concludes with therapeutic insights gained from using mouse models of lupus. To sum, much of what we have learned about lupus has arisen from studying mouse models of the disease, and the laboratory mouse continues to be one of the best tools for studying human SLE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery