Anion-channel blockers inhibit S-type anion channels and abscisic acid responses in guard cells

Amnon Schwartz, Nitza Ilan, Martin Schwarz, Jennifer Scheaffer, Sarah M. Assmann, Julian I. Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of anion-channel blockers on light-mediated stomatal opening, on the potassium dependence of stomatal opening, on stomatal responses to abscisic acid (ABA), and on current through slow anion channels in the plasma membrane of guard cells were investigated. The anion-channel blockers anthracene-9-carboxylic acid (9-AC) and niflumic acid blocked current through slow anion channels of Vicia faba L. guard cells. Both 9-AC and niflumic acid reversed ABA inhibition of stomatal opening in V. faba L. and Commelina communis L. The anion-channel blocker probenecid also abolished ABA inhibition of stomatal opening in both species. Additional tests of 9-AC effects on stomatal aperture in Commelina revealed that application of this anion-channel blocker allowed wide stomatal opening under low (1 mM) KCl conditions and increased the rate of stomatal opening under both low and high (100 mM) KCl conditions. These results indicate that anion channels can function as a negative regulator of stomatal opening, presumably by allowing anion efflux and depolarization, which prohibits ion uptake in guard cells. Furthermore, 9-AC prevented ABA induction of stomatal closure. A model in which ABA activation of anion channels contributes a rate-limiting mechanism during ABA-induced stomatal closure and inhibition of stomatal opening is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-658
Number of pages8
JournalPlant physiology
Volume109
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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