Anion leaching from refinery oily sludge and ash from incineration of oily sludge stabilized/solidified with cement. Part II. Modeling

Athanasios Karamalidis, Evangelos A. Voudrias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents the modeling of anion leaching (SO4 2- and CrO42-) from refinery oily sludge and ash produced by incineration of oily sludge, stabilized/solidified (s/s) with two types of cement, I42.5 and II42.5. Anion leaching was examined using a sequential toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test. To elucidate the mechanisms of sulfate and chromate leaching, we employed Visual MINTEQ, incorporating a multiple-problem setup. Specifically, 10-14 different problems, depending on the pH range of the leachates, were connected together in the same run. Each problem corresponded to one pH value of the leachate and the model run covered the pH range of the five sequential TCLP extractions. This modeling approach was tested using chemical equilibrium with or without sorption onto ferrihydrite. Good agreement between experimental and modeling results was obtained for sulfate leaching from solidified oily sludge and ash, considering surface complexation onto ferrihydrite on top of chemical equilibrium controlled by gypsum atpH <11 and ettringite at pH >11. Chromate leaching was described by chemical equilibrium, controlled by CaCrO4(s) (at pH <11) and Cr(VI)ettringite (at pH >11).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6124-6130
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume42
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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