A phenomenological macroscopic plasticity model is developed for steels that exhibit strain-induced austenite-to-martensite transformation. The model makes use of a stress-state dependent transformation kinetics law that accounts for both the effects of the stress triaxiality and the Lode angle on the rate of transformation. The macroscopic strain hardening is due to nonlinear kinematic hardening as well as isotropic hardening. The latter contribution is assumed to depend on the dislocation density as well as the current martensite volume fraction. The constitutive equations are embedded in the framework of finite strain isothermal rate-independent anisotropic plasticity. Experimental data for an anisotropic austenitic stainless steel 301LN is presented for uniaxial tension, uniaxial compression, transverse plane strain tension and pure shear. The model parameters are identified using a combined analyticalnumerical approach. Numerical simulations are performed of all calibration experiments and excellent agreement is observed. Moreover, we make use of experimental data from ten combined tension and shear experiments to validate the proposed constitutive model. In addition, punch and notched tension tests are performed to evaluate the model performance in structural applications with heterogeneous stress and strain fields.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering