The effects of squamocin (1), bullatacin (2) and motrilin (3), 3 bis-tetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins, isolated from Annona purpurea (Annonaceae), were investigated on several photosynthetic activities in spinach thylakoids. The results indicated that compounds 1-3 significantly inhibited both ATP synthesis and uncoupled electron transport. In addition, they enhanced light-activated Mg2+-ATPase, and basal electron flow. Therefore, acetogenins 1-3 behave as uncouplers and Hill reaction inhibitors. Natural products 1-3 did not affect photosystem I (PSI) activity but they inhibited photosystem II (PSII) electron flow. The study of the partial PSII reactions from H2O to DCPIPox, H2O to SiMo and diphenylcarbazide to DCPIP established that the site of inhibition was at the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC). Chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements confirmed the behavior of the Annonaceous acetogenins as water-splitting enzyme inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology