Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider

P. A.R. Ade, R. W. Aikin, M. Amiri, D. Barkats, S. J. Benton, C. A. Bischoff, J. J. Bock, J. A. Bonetti, J. A. Brevik, I. Buder, E. Bullock, G. Chattopadhyay, G. Davis, P. K. Day, C. D. Dowell, L. Duband, J. P. Filippini, S. Fliescher, S. R. Golwala, M. HalpernM. Hasselfield, S. R. Hildebrandt, G. C. Hilton, V. Hristov, H. Hui, K. D. Irwin, W. C. Jones, K. S. Karkare, J. P. Kaufman, B. G. Keating, S. Kefeli, S. A. Kernasovskiy, J. M. Kovac, C. L. Kuo, H. G. Leduc, E. M. Leitch, N. Llombart, M. Lueker, P. Mason, K. Megerian, L. Moncelsi, C. B. Netterfield, H. T. Nguyen, R. O'Brient, R. W.Ogburn Iv, A. Orlando, C. Pryke, A. S. Rahlin, C. D. Reintsema, S. Richter, M. C. Runyan, R. Schwarz, C. D. Sheehy, Z. K. Staniszewski, R. V. Sudiwala, G. P. Teply, J. E. Tolan, A. Trangsrud, R. S. Tucker, A. D. Turner, A. G. Vieregg, A. Weber, D. V. Wiebe, P. Wilson, C. L. Wong, K. W. Yoon, J. Zmuidzinas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed antenna-coupled transition-edge sensor bolometers for a wide range of cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimetry experiments, including Bicep2, Keck Array, and the balloon borne Spider. These detectors have reached maturity and this paper reports on their design principles, overall performance, and key challenges associated with design and production. Our detector arrays repeatedly produce spectral bands with 20%-30% bandwidth at 95, 150, or 230 GHz. The integrated antenna arrays synthesize symmetric co-aligned beams with controlled side-lobe levels. Cross-polarized response on boresight is typically ∼0.5%, consistent with cross-talk in our multiplexed readout system. End-to-end optical efficiencies in our cameras are routinely 35% or higher, with per detector sensitivities of NET ∼ 300 μKCMBs. Thanks to the scalability of this design, we have deployed 2560 detectors as 1280 matched pairs in Keck Array with a combined instantaneous sensitivity of , as measured directly from CMB maps in the 2013 season. Similar arrays have recently flown in the Spider instrument, and development of this technology is ongoing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number176
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume812
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2015

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spiders
bolometers
spider
antenna
antennas
detectors
boresights
microwaves
polarimetry
antenna arrays
balloons
spectral bands
lobes
readout
cameras
bandwidth
sensitivity
sensors
sensor
detector

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Ade, P. A. R., Aikin, R. W., Amiri, M., Barkats, D., Benton, S. J., Bischoff, C. A., ... Zmuidzinas, J. (2015). Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider. Astrophysical Journal, 812(2), [176]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/176
Ade, P. A.R. ; Aikin, R. W. ; Amiri, M. ; Barkats, D. ; Benton, S. J. ; Bischoff, C. A. ; Bock, J. J. ; Bonetti, J. A. ; Brevik, J. A. ; Buder, I. ; Bullock, E. ; Chattopadhyay, G. ; Davis, G. ; Day, P. K. ; Dowell, C. D. ; Duband, L. ; Filippini, J. P. ; Fliescher, S. ; Golwala, S. R. ; Halpern, M. ; Hasselfield, M. ; Hildebrandt, S. R. ; Hilton, G. C. ; Hristov, V. ; Hui, H. ; Irwin, K. D. ; Jones, W. C. ; Karkare, K. S. ; Kaufman, J. P. ; Keating, B. G. ; Kefeli, S. ; Kernasovskiy, S. A. ; Kovac, J. M. ; Kuo, C. L. ; Leduc, H. G. ; Leitch, E. M. ; Llombart, N. ; Lueker, M. ; Mason, P. ; Megerian, K. ; Moncelsi, L. ; Netterfield, C. B. ; Nguyen, H. T. ; O'Brient, R. ; Iv, R. W.Ogburn ; Orlando, A. ; Pryke, C. ; Rahlin, A. S. ; Reintsema, C. D. ; Richter, S. ; Runyan, M. C. ; Schwarz, R. ; Sheehy, C. D. ; Staniszewski, Z. K. ; Sudiwala, R. V. ; Teply, G. P. ; Tolan, J. E. ; Trangsrud, A. ; Tucker, R. S. ; Turner, A. D. ; Vieregg, A. G. ; Weber, A. ; Wiebe, D. V. ; Wilson, P. ; Wong, C. L. ; Yoon, K. W. ; Zmuidzinas, J. / Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 812, No. 2.
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abstract = "We have developed antenna-coupled transition-edge sensor bolometers for a wide range of cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimetry experiments, including Bicep2, Keck Array, and the balloon borne Spider. These detectors have reached maturity and this paper reports on their design principles, overall performance, and key challenges associated with design and production. Our detector arrays repeatedly produce spectral bands with 20{\%}-30{\%} bandwidth at 95, 150, or 230 GHz. The integrated antenna arrays synthesize symmetric co-aligned beams with controlled side-lobe levels. Cross-polarized response on boresight is typically ∼0.5{\%}, consistent with cross-talk in our multiplexed readout system. End-to-end optical efficiencies in our cameras are routinely 35{\%} or higher, with per detector sensitivities of NET ∼ 300 μKCMBs. Thanks to the scalability of this design, we have deployed 2560 detectors as 1280 matched pairs in Keck Array with a combined instantaneous sensitivity of , as measured directly from CMB maps in the 2013 season. Similar arrays have recently flown in the Spider instrument, and development of this technology is ongoing.",
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Ade, PAR, Aikin, RW, Amiri, M, Barkats, D, Benton, SJ, Bischoff, CA, Bock, JJ, Bonetti, JA, Brevik, JA, Buder, I, Bullock, E, Chattopadhyay, G, Davis, G, Day, PK, Dowell, CD, Duband, L, Filippini, JP, Fliescher, S, Golwala, SR, Halpern, M, Hasselfield, M, Hildebrandt, SR, Hilton, GC, Hristov, V, Hui, H, Irwin, KD, Jones, WC, Karkare, KS, Kaufman, JP, Keating, BG, Kefeli, S, Kernasovskiy, SA, Kovac, JM, Kuo, CL, Leduc, HG, Leitch, EM, Llombart, N, Lueker, M, Mason, P, Megerian, K, Moncelsi, L, Netterfield, CB, Nguyen, HT, O'Brient, R, Iv, RWO, Orlando, A, Pryke, C, Rahlin, AS, Reintsema, CD, Richter, S, Runyan, MC, Schwarz, R, Sheehy, CD, Staniszewski, ZK, Sudiwala, RV, Teply, GP, Tolan, JE, Trangsrud, A, Tucker, RS, Turner, AD, Vieregg, AG, Weber, A, Wiebe, DV, Wilson, P, Wong, CL, Yoon, KW & Zmuidzinas, J 2015, 'Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 812, no. 2, 176. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/176

Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider. / Ade, P. A.R.; Aikin, R. W.; Amiri, M.; Barkats, D.; Benton, S. J.; Bischoff, C. A.; Bock, J. J.; Bonetti, J. A.; Brevik, J. A.; Buder, I.; Bullock, E.; Chattopadhyay, G.; Davis, G.; Day, P. K.; Dowell, C. D.; Duband, L.; Filippini, J. P.; Fliescher, S.; Golwala, S. R.; Halpern, M.; Hasselfield, M.; Hildebrandt, S. R.; Hilton, G. C.; Hristov, V.; Hui, H.; Irwin, K. D.; Jones, W. C.; Karkare, K. S.; Kaufman, J. P.; Keating, B. G.; Kefeli, S.; Kernasovskiy, S. A.; Kovac, J. M.; Kuo, C. L.; Leduc, H. G.; Leitch, E. M.; Llombart, N.; Lueker, M.; Mason, P.; Megerian, K.; Moncelsi, L.; Netterfield, C. B.; Nguyen, H. T.; O'Brient, R.; Iv, R. W.Ogburn; Orlando, A.; Pryke, C.; Rahlin, A. S.; Reintsema, C. D.; Richter, S.; Runyan, M. C.; Schwarz, R.; Sheehy, C. D.; Staniszewski, Z. K.; Sudiwala, R. V.; Teply, G. P.; Tolan, J. E.; Trangsrud, A.; Tucker, R. S.; Turner, A. D.; Vieregg, A. G.; Weber, A.; Wiebe, D. V.; Wilson, P.; Wong, C. L.; Yoon, K. W.; Zmuidzinas, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 812, No. 2, 176, 20.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider

AU - Ade, P. A.R.

AU - Aikin, R. W.

AU - Amiri, M.

AU - Barkats, D.

AU - Benton, S. J.

AU - Bischoff, C. A.

AU - Bock, J. J.

AU - Bonetti, J. A.

AU - Brevik, J. A.

AU - Buder, I.

AU - Bullock, E.

AU - Chattopadhyay, G.

AU - Davis, G.

AU - Day, P. K.

AU - Dowell, C. D.

AU - Duband, L.

AU - Filippini, J. P.

AU - Fliescher, S.

AU - Golwala, S. R.

AU - Halpern, M.

AU - Hasselfield, M.

AU - Hildebrandt, S. R.

AU - Hilton, G. C.

AU - Hristov, V.

AU - Hui, H.

AU - Irwin, K. D.

AU - Jones, W. C.

AU - Karkare, K. S.

AU - Kaufman, J. P.

AU - Keating, B. G.

AU - Kefeli, S.

AU - Kernasovskiy, S. A.

AU - Kovac, J. M.

AU - Kuo, C. L.

AU - Leduc, H. G.

AU - Leitch, E. M.

AU - Llombart, N.

AU - Lueker, M.

AU - Mason, P.

AU - Megerian, K.

AU - Moncelsi, L.

AU - Netterfield, C. B.

AU - Nguyen, H. T.

AU - O'Brient, R.

AU - Iv, R. W.Ogburn

AU - Orlando, A.

AU - Pryke, C.

AU - Rahlin, A. S.

AU - Reintsema, C. D.

AU - Richter, S.

AU - Runyan, M. C.

AU - Schwarz, R.

AU - Sheehy, C. D.

AU - Staniszewski, Z. K.

AU - Sudiwala, R. V.

AU - Teply, G. P.

AU - Tolan, J. E.

AU - Trangsrud, A.

AU - Tucker, R. S.

AU - Turner, A. D.

AU - Vieregg, A. G.

AU - Weber, A.

AU - Wiebe, D. V.

AU - Wilson, P.

AU - Wong, C. L.

AU - Yoon, K. W.

AU - Zmuidzinas, J.

PY - 2015/10/20

Y1 - 2015/10/20

N2 - We have developed antenna-coupled transition-edge sensor bolometers for a wide range of cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimetry experiments, including Bicep2, Keck Array, and the balloon borne Spider. These detectors have reached maturity and this paper reports on their design principles, overall performance, and key challenges associated with design and production. Our detector arrays repeatedly produce spectral bands with 20%-30% bandwidth at 95, 150, or 230 GHz. The integrated antenna arrays synthesize symmetric co-aligned beams with controlled side-lobe levels. Cross-polarized response on boresight is typically ∼0.5%, consistent with cross-talk in our multiplexed readout system. End-to-end optical efficiencies in our cameras are routinely 35% or higher, with per detector sensitivities of NET ∼ 300 μKCMBs. Thanks to the scalability of this design, we have deployed 2560 detectors as 1280 matched pairs in Keck Array with a combined instantaneous sensitivity of , as measured directly from CMB maps in the 2013 season. Similar arrays have recently flown in the Spider instrument, and development of this technology is ongoing.

AB - We have developed antenna-coupled transition-edge sensor bolometers for a wide range of cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimetry experiments, including Bicep2, Keck Array, and the balloon borne Spider. These detectors have reached maturity and this paper reports on their design principles, overall performance, and key challenges associated with design and production. Our detector arrays repeatedly produce spectral bands with 20%-30% bandwidth at 95, 150, or 230 GHz. The integrated antenna arrays synthesize symmetric co-aligned beams with controlled side-lobe levels. Cross-polarized response on boresight is typically ∼0.5%, consistent with cross-talk in our multiplexed readout system. End-to-end optical efficiencies in our cameras are routinely 35% or higher, with per detector sensitivities of NET ∼ 300 μKCMBs. Thanks to the scalability of this design, we have deployed 2560 detectors as 1280 matched pairs in Keck Array with a combined instantaneous sensitivity of , as measured directly from CMB maps in the 2013 season. Similar arrays have recently flown in the Spider instrument, and development of this technology is ongoing.

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Ade PAR, Aikin RW, Amiri M, Barkats D, Benton SJ, Bischoff CA et al. Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, keck array, and spider. Astrophysical Journal. 2015 Oct 20;812(2). 176. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/176