Anterior Urethroplasty Has Transitioned to an Outpatient Procedure Without Serious Rise in Complications: Data From the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Susan MacDonald, Devin Haddad, Abraham Choi, Marc Colaco, Ryan Terlecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To analyze the trend in inpatient vs outpatient performance of anterior urethroplasty and examine outcomes using data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Methods A retrospective cross sectional analysis was performed using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Cases of single-stage anterior urethroplasty from 2006 to 2013 were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, procedure code 53410. Univariate analysis was performed to compare 30-day complication rates for inpatient and outpatient cases. A linear regression model was created for all years with greater than 50 reported cases. Results A total of 326 anterior urethroplasties were reported; 222 (68.1%) were inpatient procedures, and 104 (31.9%) were outpatient procedures. The most common complication, urinary tract infection, was consistent between inpatient (2.7%) and outpatient (2.9%) procedures. The rate of wound dehiscence was significantly higher among outpatient cases (1.92% vs 0%, P =.03). There were no significant differences in the rates of wound infection, bleeding, graft failure, deep vein thrombosis, pneumonia, or sepsis. The linear regression model shows a significant increase in outpatient procedures (R2 = 0.91) and equivalent decrease in inpatient procedures (R2 = 0.91) for the last 3 years of the study period. Resident involvement was associated with a decreased rate of reoperation (0% vs 8.3% P <.001). Conclusion There has been a shift in the performance of anterior urethroplasty toward outpatient management. Overall, complication rates appear low. Future research is necessary to determine how to decrease overall cost of single-stage urethroplasty without compromising quality of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-228
Number of pages4
JournalUrology
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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